Interestingly, for a mole of gas molecules this lost work can be related to the ideal

gas constant.

The equation generates one dependent variable t, two dependent variables [alpha] and T, three unknown constants Z, Ea and n, and the universal

gas constant.

where R is the

gas constant, V2 is the specific volume of the polymer, V1 is the molar volume of the solute, P10 is the vapor pressure, and B11 is the second virial coefficient of the solute in the gaseous state.

bar] dimensionless radius R

gas constant (J/K mol) r radial coordinate ([mu]m) T temperature (K) [T.

Constants and Critical Values of IAPWS-95 (IAPWS 1995) Quantity Symbol Value Universal molar

gas constant [[bar.

Where R represents universal

gas constant, T represents absolute temperature and k represents formation constant of the systems.

where p is the absolute pressure, V the volume of the system, R the universal

gas constant, and T the absolute temperature.

g] is the molar

gas constant, and Z is the compressibility factor.

o]) minus the multipicand of the

gas constant (R), the temperature (T) and the natural log of the equilibrium constant (K), as shown in the equation:

5NRT, where N = crosslink density, R =

gas constant and T = absolute temperature.

Where k is the rate constant, A is the Arrhenius constant, Ea is the activation energy and R is the universal

gas constant.

A] is the activation energy, R is the molar

gas constant and T is the ageing temperature.