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gas

 [gas]
any elastic aeriform fluid in which the molecules are widely separated from each other and so have free paths.
alveolar gas the gas in the alveoli of the lungs, where gas exchange with the capillary blood takes place.
blood g's the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood; see blood gas analysis.
laughing gas nitrous oxide.
gas pains pains caused by distention of the stomach or intestines by accumulation of air or other gases. The presence of gas is indicated by distention of the abdomen, belching, or discharge of gas through the rectum. Gas-forming foods include highly flavored vegetables such as onions, cabbage, and turnips; members of the bean family; and fruits such as melons and raw apples. Some seasonings and other chemical irritants also produce gas.
tear gas any of various irritant vapors dispensed by aerosol and causing pain and severe lacrimation in humans; some also cause irritation of exposed mucous membranes as well as vomiting. Common ones include chloroacetophenone (CN), o-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (see CS), and dibenz(b,f)-1,4-oxazepine (see cr); the most common of the three is CS (also known as mace).

GAS

Abbreviation for group A streptococci , under streptococcus.

gas

(gas),
1. A thin fluid, such as air, capable of indefinite expansion but convertible by compression and cold into a liquid and, eventually, a solid.
2. In clinical practice, a liquid entirely in its vapor phase at one atmosphere of pressure because ambient temperature is above its boiling point.
[coined by J.B. van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician, 1579-1644]

gas

(găs)
n. pl. gases or gasses
1.
a. The state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by relatively low density and viscosity, relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature, the ability to diffuse readily, and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container.
b. A substance in the gaseous state.
2. A gaseous asphyxiant, irritant, or poison.
3. A gaseous anesthetic, such as nitrous oxide.
4.
a. Flatulence.
b. Flatus.
v. gassed, gassing, gases or gasses
v.tr.
1. To treat chemically with gas.
2. To overcome, disable, or kill with poisonous fumes.

GALNS

A gene on chromosome 16q24.3 that encodes N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase, a lysosomal exohydrolase required for the degradation of glycosaminoglycans, keratan sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate.

Molecular pathology
Defects of GALNS cause Morquio A syndrome, a lysosomal storage disease.

gas

A volatilized liquid. See Biogas, Compressed gas, Flammable gas, Greenhouse gas, Mustard, Natural gas, Oxidant gas, Phosgene gas Occupational medicine A gas phase contaminant. See Inhalant.

gas

(gas)
1. Fluid, like air, capable of indefinite expansion but convertible by compression and cold into a liquid and, eventually, a solid.
2. In clinical practice, a substance entirely in its vapor phase at 1 atmosphere of pressure because ambient temperature is above its boiling point.
[coined by J.B. van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician, 1579-1644]

gas

(gas)
1. A thin fluid, such as air, capable of indefinite expansion but convertible by compression and cold into a liquid and, eventually, a solid.
2. In clinical practice, a liquid entirely in its vapor phase at one atmosphere of pressure because ambient temperature is above its boiling point.
[coined by J.B. van Helmont, Flemish chemist and physician, 1579-1644]

Patient discussion about gas

Q. why do i have gas and bloating my bowels are weird and my stomach is sour also. i have pain in the top of my stomach

A. There are many different things that can cause them. Do you also suffer from diarrhea? Do you have diabetes? Do you have pain that is relieved by eating or after going to the bathroom?

Among the more common causes there are IBS (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irritable_bowel_syndrome), diabetes, malabsorption (e.g. lactose intolerance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lactose_intolerance or celiac http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coeliac_disease), all of these, unfortunately, can't be diagnosed over the net, so if it keeps bothering you or if you have warning sign (such as Nocturnal abdominal pain (sleep awakening), Weight loss, Blood in the stool , Severely tender abdomen , Succussion splash , Fever , Vomiting , fatty diarrhea , New onset diarrhea) you should see a doctor.

Q. I often have gases in my stomach. And it hurts. Is there specific food I should avoid? thanks

A. Why don't you try to run a log of what you eat and how did you feel after that? The digestive system of each of us is different, so it may not be possible to give you advice that would be good for you specifically. If these complaints bothers you, you may also want to consult a docotr.

www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003124.htm

More discussions about gas
References in periodicals archive ?
So , no showers, not in the gas chamber then-- or my bedchamber now - nowhere.
Readers of this absorbing, if disquieting, book will be astonished to discover how much court time was spent in discussing the existence (van Pelt) or nonexistence (Irving) of ventilation shafts and the holes supposed to be on the roofs of buildings used as gas chambers. Aerial photographs, taken by Allied reconnaissance planes flying over Auschwitz, did not, because of their low resolution quotient, provide the definitive answer to this question.
We put the facts on trial surrounding the use of the gas chamber, and the circuit court didn't like what it saw any better than we did."
His brother was waiting just a few feet from the gas chamber.
The witness added that "a train had arrived with potatoes and there were not enough men to unload" them, so an SS guard suggested to "take some of the children before they are killed, to help unload the train, and kill them after." He added that "they took 30 children out of the gas chambers and they unloaded the potatoes" while the other children were gassed to death.
 On Tuesday the Auschwitz Memorial responded to the video, saying that gas chambers are not a stage.
Groening's job at Auschwitz was to collect the belongings of deportees after they had arrived at the camp by train and already been put through a selection process that resulted in many being sent directly to the gas chambers.
Lawmakers plan to spend PS200,000 on building a gas chamber at a jail in the state.
With a Polish guide the students were shown the horrors of the notorious death camp - the gas chambers used to kill thousands of people a day, the tonnes of human hair shorn from women on arrival and piles of tiny, delicate baby shoes, a bleak reminder of the hundreds of thousands of children who perished there.
Ukrainian-born Demjanjuk had claimed he was a victim of mistaken identity and was not the Ivan who was involved in the killing of 870,000 Jews in the gas chambers at Treblinka.
Cyanide has also been used for judicial execution in some parts of the United States, where cyanide was generated by reaction between potassium cyanide dropped into a compartment containing sulphuric acid, directly below the chair in the gas chamber.
Worse yet, the evidence against these veterans is enough to send them to the gas chamber.