ganglion cell


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Related to ganglion cell: bipolar cell, Ganglion cell layer

gan·gli·on cell

originally, any nerve cell (neuron); in current usage, a neuron the cell body of which is located outside the limits of the brain and spinal cord, hence forming part of the peripheral nervous system; ganglion cells are either 1) the pseudounipolar cells of the sensory spinal and cranial nerves (sensory ganglia), or 2) the peripheral multipolar motor neurons innervating the viscera (visceral or autonomic ganglia).
Synonym(s): gangliocyte

gan·gli·on cell

(gang'glē-ŏn sel)
A neuron the cell body of which is located outside the limits of the brain and spinal cord, hence forming part of the peripheral nervous system; ganglion cells are either 1) the pseudounipolar cells of the sensory spinal and cranial nerves (sensory ganglia), or 2) the peripheral multipolar motor neurons innervating the viscera (visceral or autonomic ganglia).
Synonym(s): gangliocyte.

ganglion cell

1. Any neuron whose cell body is located within a ganglion.
2. A neuron of the retina of the eye whose cell body lies in the ganglion cell layer. The axons of ganglion cells form the optic nerve.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
Retinal Ganglion Cell Loss in Children With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Without Diabetic Retinopathy.
If submucosal ganglion cell hyperplasia is the principal anatomic feature, diagnosis should not depend on enzyme histochemistry and frozen sections, but should be possible with conventional formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues.
Distribution and morphology of retinal ganglion cells in the Japanese quail.
Correlation of acoustic threshold measures and spiral ganglion cell survival in severe to profound sensorineural hearing losss: implications for cochlea implantation.
GCL: Ganglion Cell Layer; IPL: Inner Plexiform Layer; RNFL: Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer; OCT: Optical Coherence Tomography.
Ganglion cell losses underlying visual field defects from experimental glaucoma.
The presence of ganglion cells and negative staining for CD117 and CD34 in the spindled cells excludes the diagnosis of GIST.
Lu et al., "Detection of macular ganglion cell loss in glaucoma by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography," Ophthalmology, vol.
Previous studies using SD-OCT segmentation analysis software demonstrated a reduction of the macular inner retinal layers, including the GCL + IPL, in patients with MS, suggesting ganglion cell loss [20-23].
[12] However, reports of earlier studies about the differences in the number of ganglion cells and thickness of longitudinal layer in the colon and rectum are not consistent.
Ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fiber layer measured by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography for early detection of structural damage in patients with preperimetric glaucoma.
In recent years, different spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) devices have been used in several studies to show the effect of ILM peeling on inner retinal layers such as the ganglion cell complex (GCC) after idiopathic MH surgery.