gamma knife surgery

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Related to gamma knife surgery: trigeminal neuralgia

gamma knife surgery

Radiosurgery that can destroy an intracranial target by directing gamma radiation at the lesion while trying to spare adjacent healthy tissue. The gamma knife consists of 201 cylindrical gamma ray (cobalt 60) beams designed to intersect at the target lesion, resulting in about 200 times the dose of any single beam aimed at the periphery. The area to be treated is carefully identified with neuroimaging before the gamma knife is used and the proper dose of gamma energy calculated. The procedure takes about 2 to 3 hr, with the patient under mild sedation, given intravenously, and local anesthesia. The gamma knife can be used to treat primary and metastatic brain tumors, trigeminal neuralgia, arteriovenous malformations, and other lesions. Complications include seizures, confusion, paralysis, nausea and vomiting, other radiation reactions, and radiation necrosis of normal brain tissue, but the incidence of side effects is no greater than with other brain irradiation or neurosurgical techniques.

Patient care

The patient's vital signs and neurological signs must be checked frequently during and after the procedure.

See also: surgery
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References in periodicals archive ?
(30.) Martinez R, Bravo G, Burzaco J, Rey G: Pituitary tumors and gamma knife surgery. Clinical experience with more than two years of follow-up.
This method is not yet widely available and is still under scientific development.[20,26,32] Thus, there are three main groups of surgical techniques: destructive (stereotactic open lesion and gamma knife surgery), reversible and adjustable (DBS), and reconstructive (fetal nerve cell transplantation).
Their surgical morbidity however, was substantial (16 out of 33 patients, 48%).6 Skeie et al., reported their comparison between gamma knife surgery (GKS) and surgery for recurrent GBM.
Gamma Knife Surgery, he said, has a definite role in epilepsy and movement disorders.
Gamma knife surgery represents an alternative tool in critically located gliomas8 and is now available in Pakistan.
Gamma Knife surgery presents fewer risks or complications than traditional open skull surgery.