galvanic current


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Related to galvanic current: Galvanic corrosion, faradic current

current

 [kur´ent]
1. something that flows.
2. specifically, electricity transmitted through a circuit.
alternating current a current that periodically flows in opposite directions; its amplitude fluctuates as a sine wave.
convection current a current caused by movement by convection of warmer fluid into an area of cooler fluid.
direct current a current that flows in one direction only; when modeled as a wave, its amplitude is constant. When used medically it is called galvanic current. This current has distinct and important polarity and marked secondary chemical effects.
galvanic current a steady direct current.
current of injury an electric current that flows between injured myocardium and normal myocardium, because such cells have a reduced membrane potential; it may be either diastolic or systolic.
current of injury, diastolic the current that flows from injured to noninjured tissue during electrical diastole.
current of injury, systolic the current that flows from healthy tissue to injured tissue during electrical systole.
inwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the interior of a cell.
leakage current the electrical current that exists in the parts or metal case of electrical equipment.
outwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the exterior of a cell.
potassium rectifying c's transmembrane currents that rectify inwardly or outwardly to make adjustments in cellular functions; they are mainly responsible for the repolarization phase of the action potential. There are at least six mechanisms by which potassium ions move across cardiac cell membranes in the role of rectifier.

di·rect cur·rent (DC),

a current that flows only in one direction, for example, that is derived from a battery; sometimes referred to as galvanic current.
See also: galvanism.

gal·van·ic cur·rent

(gal-van'ik kŭr'ĕnt)
Low-voltage direct current.

Galvani,

Luigi, Italian physician and anatomist, 1737-1798.
galvanic bath - water bath that is charged with galvanic current.
galvanic current - continuous one-direction electric current.
galvanic skin response - skin's response to electric stimulation. Synonym(s): electrodermal response
galvanic-faradic test - an electrodiagnostic test of muscles.
galvanism - oral manifestations of direct current electricity occurring when dental restorations with dissimilar electric potentials (such as silver and gold) are placed in the mouth. Synonym(s): voltaism
galvanometer - an instrument used to measure current.

gal·van·ic cur·rent

(gal-van'ik kŭr'rĕnt)
Low-voltage direct current.
References in periodicals archive ?
The corrosion initiation of steel in mortar, exposed to different exposure conditions, was determined by monitoring the galvanic current, as shown in Figure 2.
Compared with the galvanic current test results, the corrosion of steel in mortar, subjected to different exposure conditions, initiated at similar or later time.
Caption: Figure 2: Galvanic current monitoring with different wet time proportions.
(1) As the results of the monitoring of the galvanic currents, the corrosion initiation was greatly affected by the exposure condition.
The rust of steel rebars, obtained from the specimens by crushing at the end of galvanic current monitoring, was removed by cleaning and brushing in the acid solution.
The corrosion rate was calculated from mass loss measured after galvanic current monitoring though Faraday's law.
(1) Chloride profiles and the galvanic current monitoring of 100 days after measuring the corrosion performance were conducted simultaneously to identify the benefit of electrochemical treatment for corrosion initiation.
A galvanic current is pumped into the clay to drive the active ingredients into the skin.
High therapeutic efficiency is achieved due to galvanic currents created in the skin, on the points of the needles and between the needles, which lead to an increased selective metal micro-electrophoresis into the internal environment of the body.