galangal

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ga·lan·gal

, galanga (ga-lan'găl, -gă),
The rhizome of Alpinia officinarum (family Zingiberaceae); an aromatic stimulant and carminative.
Synonym(s): Chinese ginger
[Mediev. L. galanga, mild ginger, fr. Chinese]

galangal

(găl′ən-găl′, gə-lăng′gəl)
n.
1. Either of two plants (Alpinia galanga or A. officinarum) of eastern Asia, having pungent, aromatic rhizomes used medicinally and as seasoning.
2. The dried roots of either of these plants. In both senses also called galingale.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Thai people use four types of ginger including galingale featured in the recipes below and available from speciality Oriental shops and 20 types of aubergine from bitter ones the size of a pea to those shaped like a rugby ball, ranging in colour from white to purple.
Galangal (isen): Fresh root, also known as laos or galingale. Resembles fresh ginger but has a thinner, translucent skin and more astringent flavor.
Before 1600 only 6 borrowings are documented: namely galingale, japan, li (1), litchi, typhoon and Tangut; in 17th century: 31 items, followed by 44 tokens between 1700-1800; the next century, 1800-1900, shows 112, while in the last century 152 loanwords are displayed from 1900 to 1992, which shows the last year when a Chinese etymon was registered for the first time in the OED.