There is some suggestion that a neuropeptide called Galanin
might be responsible as animal studies have linked it to cravings for both fatty foods and alcohol.
Dopamine D4 Receptor * Kappa Opioid Receptor * Galanin
Effects of neural androgen receptor disruption on aggressive behavior, arginine vasopressin and galanin
systems in the bed nucleus of stria terminalis and lateral septum.
The brain galanin
receptors: targets for novel antidepressant drugs.
6]) receptor, a glycoprotein hormone receptor, a thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor, and a galanin
Cardenas H, Carvajal A, Utreras E, et al Lactation inhibits the potentiating effect of galanin
upon the GnRH-induced LH release observed in diestrous-1 rat.
and NPY, two peptides with multiple putative roles in the nervous system.
microinjection in the third ventricle increases voluntary ethanol intake.
11), (16), (17) Considering these findings, it appears likely that a population of the lumbar spinothalamic neurons, at least partly, expresses both galanin
Morilak, "One for all or one for one: Does cotransmission unify the concept of a brain galanin
'system' or clarify any consistent role in anxiety?
, another inhibitory neurotransmitter, is also released; its exact role is unknown, but it is believed to promote NREM sleep, especially slow-wave sleep, and is also involved in wider functions related to learning and memory.
Four such emerging Alaska Native artists are Jerrod Galanin
, Tlingit/Unangan from Sitka; Holly Nordlum, Inupiat from Kotzebue; Elizabeth Ellis, Alutiiq, from Anchorage; and Ryan Romer, Yup'ik/Athabascan from Bethel.