globoid cell leukodystrophy(redirected from galactosylceramide lipoidosis)
glo·boid cell leu·ko·dys·tro·phy[MIM*245200]
a metabolic disorder of infancy or early childhood characterized by spasticity, seizures, and rapidly progressive cerebral degeneration, massive loss of myelin, severe astrocytic gliosis, and infiltration of the white matter with characteristic multinucleate globoid cells; metabolically there is gross deficiency of lysosomal cerebrosidase (galactosylceramide β-galactosidase); autosomal recessive inheritance, caused by mutation in the gene encoding glycosylceramidase (GALC) on 14q.
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globoid cell leukodystrophyKrabbe's disease Neurology An AR defect in sphingolipid metabolism due to galatocerebroside β-galactosidase deficiency, resulting in in utero demyelinization, and death in early infancy Clinical Spastic paralysis, seizures, pyrexia, vomiting, cortical blindness, deafness, dysphagia, pseudobulbar palsy, quadriplegia, mental deterioration Management CNS disease may be reversed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cf Leukodystrophy.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
globoid cell leukodystrophyAn autosomal recessive disease caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme galactocerebrosidase. It features failure of myelination and demyelination in the entire nervous system and, in the infantile form, death usually before two years of age. Injection of donor umbilical cord blood before the onset of symptoms has been found helpful.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Krabbe,Knud Haraldsen, Danish neurologist, 1885-1961.
Christensen-Krabbe disease - see under Christensen
Krabbe disease - a metabolic disorder of infancy. Synonym(s): globoid cell leukodystrophy
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