galactose

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galactose

 [gah-lak´tōs]
a monosaccharide sugar of the aldose group, derived from lactose. d-galactose is found in lactose, in cerebrosides of the brain, in the sugar beet, and in many gums and seaweeds; l-galactose is found in flaxseed mucilage.
galactose tolerance test a laboratory test done to determine the liver's ability to convert the sugar galactose into glycogen. Two methods may be used. The oral method requires about 5 hours to complete, and the intravenous method, which is more accurate, requires about 2 hours. With the oral method, elimination of more than 3 g of galactose in the urine during a 5-hour period indicates liver damage. With the intravenous method, all galactose should have been eliminated from the blood 45 minutes after its injection.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ga·lac·tose (Gal),

(gă-lak'tōs),
An aldohexose found (in d form) as a constituent of compounds such as lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins, in galactoside or galactosyl combination; an epimer of d-glucose.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

galactose

(gə-lăk′tōs′)
n.
A monosaccharide, C6H12O6, commonly occurring in lactose and in certain pectins, gums, and mucilages.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ga·lac·tose

(Gal) (gă-lak'tōs)
An aldohexose found (in d form) as a constituent of lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, mucoproteins, in galactoside or galactosyl combination; an epimer of d-glucose.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

galactose

A monosaccharide sugar that is a constituent of LACTOSE, the main sugar of milk. Also known as cerebrose.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

galactose

a monosaccharide CARBOHYDRATE that does not occur freely in nature, but is combined with GLUCOSE to form LACTOSE, a disaccharide sugar found in milk.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Galactose

One of the two simple sugars, together with glucose, that makes up the protein, lactose, found in milk. Galactose can be toxic in high levels.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ga·lac·tose

(Gal) (gă-lak'tōs)
An aldohexose constituent of lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012