9,10) The degree of furcation involvement
often serves as a prognostic factor and influences the selection of definitive and sometimes irreversible treatments.
On intraoral examination it was noted that the patient had missing teeth irt 11, 12, 15,16,21,23,31,41,42 and furcation involvement
was seen in relation to 17 (Figure1).
Periodontal parameters were calculated using the community periodontal index need bleeding on probing tooth mobility and furcation involvement
sup] For these reasons, explanations for the discrepancies between the locations of root-resected molars, in terms of flap surgery, could include differences in anatomical features, severity of furcation involvement
, levels of self-accessibility to maintain oral hygiene, and optimal restorative rehabilitation.
is one of the major problems in the treatment of periodontal disease, and is directly associated with tooth loss.
Tooth parameters: furcation involvement
was graded using a Nabers probe.
The bone loss and furcation involvement
associated with teeth 36 and 46 are most likely due to caries and endodontic European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 12 (Issue 1).
Assessment of furcation involvement
was made at the mesial, buccal, and distal furcations of maxillary first and second molars, and the buccal and lingual furcations of mandibular first and second molars.
Often in cases of deep subgingivally located caries and tooth fracture, extensive resective osseous surgery may result in increased pocket depth and mobility, furcation involvement
, poor crown-to-root ratio and loss of supporting tissue of neighboring teeth.
The tooth also had buccal class I furcation involvement
with horizontal bone loss.
In the last decades, Guided Tissue Regeneration techniques (GTR) have been applied in treating vari- ous periodontal defects such as infrabony defects, furcation involvement
and localized gingival recession defects and it has been suggested that clinical signs of probing attachment gain and bone fill can be accepted as evidence of periodontal regeneration in the evalua- tion of GTR procedures.
, which included Grade I buccal of the maxillary left first and second molar and ML and Grade II buccal of the maxillary left third molar