furcation involvement

fur·ca·tion in·volve·ment

(fŭr-kāshŭn in-volvmĕnt)
Extension of dental disease (involving pathologic resorption of alveolar bone and damage to periodontal ligament fibers) where roots of a multirooted tooth separate or divide.
References in periodicals archive ?
9,10) The degree of furcation involvement often serves as a prognostic factor and influences the selection of definitive and sometimes irreversible treatments.
On intraoral examination it was noted that the patient had missing teeth irt 11, 12, 15,16,21,23,31,41,42 and furcation involvement was seen in relation to 17 (Figure1).
Periodontal parameters were calculated using the community periodontal index need bleeding on probing tooth mobility and furcation involvement.
sup][1] For these reasons, explanations for the discrepancies between the locations of root-resected molars, in terms of flap surgery, could include differences in anatomical features, severity of furcation involvement, levels of self-accessibility to maintain oral hygiene, and optimal restorative rehabilitation.
Furcation involvement is one of the major problems in the treatment of periodontal disease, and is directly associated with tooth loss.
The bone loss and furcation involvement associated with teeth 36 and 46 are most likely due to caries and endodontic European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 12 (Issue 1).
Assessment of furcation involvement was made at the mesial, buccal, and distal furcations of maxillary first and second molars, and the buccal and lingual furcations of mandibular first and second molars.
Often in cases of deep subgingivally located caries and tooth fracture, extensive resective osseous surgery may result in increased pocket depth and mobility, furcation involvement, poor crown-to-root ratio and loss of supporting tissue of neighboring teeth.
The tooth also had buccal class I furcation involvement with horizontal bone loss.
In the last decades, Guided Tissue Regeneration techniques (GTR) have been applied in treating vari- ous periodontal defects such as infrabony defects, furcation involvement and localized gingival recession defects and it has been suggested that clinical signs of probing attachment gain and bone fill can be accepted as evidence of periodontal regeneration in the evalua- tion of GTR procedures.
Furcation involvement, which included Grade I buccal of the maxillary left first and second molar and ML and Grade II buccal of the maxillary left third molar