Dilated fundus examination with funduscopic
biomicroscopy with Volk Super 66 stereo fundus lens revealed prominently swollen left optic disc with a focal whitish-yellow elevated fluffy area of retinochoroiditis on the temporal margin.
ONSD enlarges with an elevation of ICP, and these changes are present before the development of papilledema in the funduscopic
In the primary care setting, limited time, lack of mydriatic agents, suboptimal lighting, and practitioner inexperience may pose challenges for funduscopic
The multicolor images from the cSLO + SD-OCT platform facilitates ophthalmologists because it serves as a one-stop service for the patients, being a single device that can perform all the imaging modalities, so it is cost effective and also time saving.12,13 Twelve known diabetic patients for past four years, came for routine follow-up funduscopic
The condition is characterized by no initial ophthalmoscopic evidence of injury to the eyeball or optic nerve with normal funduscopic
examination in the majority, which was observed in the present study too [Table 1].
No significant funduscopic
findings were noted but an OCT reveals the finding shown in the image.
Slit lamp exam and dilated funduscopic
exam were also unremarkable bilaterally with the exception of conjunctival injection on the right.
examination revealed vitreous opacity (Figure 1, panel A) and a pale white lesion on the posterior pole of the right eye (Figure 1, panel B), which suggested acute retinal necrosis and occlusive vasculitis.
Baseline retinal examinations for first-time HCQ users were first recommended by American Academy of Ophthalmology guidelines in 2002, and in 2009 the American College of Rheumatology developed guidelines specifically for SLE that also recommended a funduscopic
exam within 1 year of starting HCQ.
Anterior segment and funduscopic
examination of the right eye were unremarkable.
It was found in many types of research that there is a clear relationship between the ocular funduscopic
abnormalities and acute stroke even though the blood pressure and other vascular risk factors are in control .