All patients underwent fundus biomicroscopy with slit lamp and digital color fundus photographs.
The ETDRS classification has been established as a reference by comparing FA findings to fundus photographs , and studies have subsequently demonstrated better performance of mydriatic color fundus photographs by comparison to the fundus biomicroscopy for the screening of DR [5, 6, 37].
Ultrasound B-scan and dilated fundus biomicroscopy
demonstrated no signs of posterior scleritis.
lenses are probably the most important tool that the majority of optometrists have at their disposal to screen and diagnose posterior eye pathology.
by contact and non-contact lenses.
All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including measurement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) using standard Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) charts, slit lamp examination of the anterior segment, and fundus biomicroscopy
. Colour fundus photographs were obtained using a high-resolution digital retinal camera (Topcon TRX-50 retinal camera; Tokyo, Japan).
Otherwise use the slit-lamp biomicroscope and direct illumination through a dilated pupil to view the anterior vitreous and fundus biomicroscopy
to view the posterior vitreous.