functionalism

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func·tion·al·ism

(fŭnk'shŭn-ăl-izm),
A branch of psychology concerned with the function of mental processes in humans and animals, especially the role of the mind, intellect, emotions, and behavior in an individual's adaptation to the environment. Compare: structuralism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, functionalists belief that each institution and custom has a function and the reason for their existence is precisely the contributions they make for the survival of the society.
As we have seen, all students of the professions, from the most optimistic functionalist to the most skeptical revisionist, agree on this: the legitimacy of any occupation's claim to be organized as an ideal-type profession rests on that occupation's delivery of a particular kind of specialized knowledge.
The functionalist theory proposes that the values which ore among the personal and the social ones ore there because they ore relevant to explain or support these values (Gouveia et al., 2008), serving as a reference for them and at the same time ore utterly congruent with such values.
This allows Martin Arista's functionalist proposal to dispense with the traditional and unsatisfactory class membership distinction between derivation and compounding on free/bound form grounds.
In this section, we discuss the applicability of IHRM research that uses a functionalist approach to developing sub-equatorial countries.
Friedmann was undoubtedly influenced here by the so-called functionalist doctrine....
Did social-democratic thinking later abandon this functionalist perspective in favour of a doctrine of unconditional redistribution and social rights?
Lejano (2006) places functionalist policy analysis frameworks
The third wave of systems science is based on the previous functionalist and interpretive orientations, which quoted from Systems Approaches to Management by Jackson (2000, p.
Noting he spent more than a quarter of his working life in the field, the authors praise Williams' rigour and insight as an ethnographer, whose relative isolation from the intellectual mainstream nonetheless prompted some original theories--for example, in developing an early anthropology of art--and allowed him the freedom to question functionalist orthodoxy by advancing the idea of 'cultural rubbish', likened to attic clutter (and for which he coined the endearingly peculiar term 'tooglies'!).
While the role of denominational preferences is indeed mentioned, the fact that not all evangelicals adopted them or the functionalist aesthetic as Loveland and Wheeler describe it receives no attention.
It argues that much of the relevant literature is grounded implicitly or explicitly in technicist and liberal functionalist discourses.

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