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Herbal medicine
An annual herb that contains alkaloids, fumaric acid, mucilage, resin and tannic acid; it is a mild laxative, diuretic and stimulates the flow of bile, and has been used to treat skin conditions and liver complaints.
Toxic effects
Large doses may cause stomach ache and diarrhoea.


n Latin name:
Fumaria officinalis; part used: flowering parts, leaves; uses: laxative, diuretic, epidermal maladies, biliary disease; uses under research: arrhythmias; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; patients who suffer from convulsions or elevated internal pressure within the eye; can cause lower pulse and blood pressure, convulsions with over-use, nausea. Also called
earth smoke, hedge fumitory, and
wax dolls.
Enlarge picture

fumatory, fumitory

References in periodicals archive ?
If they are yellow it is Corydalis lutea but if they are a pinky-purple, then it is the closely-related Fumitory, probably Fumaria purpurea.
The decline in numbers is thought to be due to the loss of certain arable weeds such as fumitory, clover and vetch, which will be planted in trial plots during the monitoring period.
Common bitters used typically 10 to 30 minutes before a meal include ginger (Zingiber officinale) rhizome, dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis), fumitory (Fumaria officianlis) leaf, wormwood (Artemisia spp.