fumaric acid


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Related to fumaric acid: fumaric acid esters

fumaric acid

 [fu´mar-ik]
an unsaturated dibasic acid, the trans isomer of maleic acid and an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

fu·mar·ic ac·id

(fū-mar'ik as'id),
trans-Butanedioic acid; an unsaturated dicarboxylic acid occurring as an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

fu·mar·ic ac·id

(fyū-mar'ik as'id)
A trans-butanedioic acid; an unsaturated dicarboxylic acid occurring as an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Calibration curves were obtained by using authentic standards (glutamic acid, citric acid, isocitric acid, malic acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, and lactic acid) spiked in a matrix containing deuterated D4-citric acid as internal standard.
Ryan et al., "Fumaric acid esters exert neuroprotective effects in neuroinflammation via activation of the Nrf2 antioxidant pathway," Brain, vol.
As can be seen from Table 2, molasses hydrolysate includes organic lactic, malic, citric and fumaric acids. Therefore, the leaching activity of molasses hydrolysate is based on sugar acids rather than on nitric acid.
Fumaric aciduria is a rare congenital metabolic disorder characterized with increased fumaric acid which occurs as a result of deficiency of fumarase which is one of the enzymes included in the tricarcoxylic acid (Krebs) cycle.
Itaconic acid, fumaric acid and 1,4-butanediol were purchased from Sigma Aldrich.
Other treatment modalities that have been tried include photochemotherapy, methotrexate, topical calcipotriol, keratolytics, cyclosporine, azathioprine, fumaric acid esters, extracorporeal photochemotherapy and tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists i.e.
(2000), by including 1.4% of formic acid, 1.8% of fumaric acid or 2.7% of n-butyric acid in diets for piglets, have verified an increase (p < 0.05) above 6% in the ileal digestibility of protein and several essential and non-essential amino acids
Along with succinic acid and fumaric acid it belongs to the group of C4 dicarboxylic acids.
Analysis of organic acids: The standards used in organic acid analyses (succinic acid, malic acid, oxalic acid, fumaric acid and citric acid) were obtained from Sigma company (St.
(5) has studied the polyesterification of adipic and fumaric acid (FA) with ethylene glycol), (both in the absence and presence of a foreign acid and subsequently attempted to fit the data to a number of models.
Fumaric acid, an antibacterial component of Aloe vera L.
(1.) Oliveira, MP, Giordani, DS, Santos, AM, "The Role of Itaconic and Fumaric Acid in the Emulsion Copolymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and n-Butyl Acrylate." Eur.