She had freezing of gait
while walking in wide halls but walked more comfortably in narrow corridors.
This may be particularly helpful for walking difficulties, especially for freezing of gait
and to prevent backward falls.
In sections on personalized healthcare monitoring technologies, information and communication technology for assistive living, and healing environments, chapters discuss such topics as posture detection based on a waist-worn accelerometer to improve freezing of gait
detection in Parkinson's disease patients, wearable solutions using bioimpednce for cardiac monitoring, embodied ambient intelligent systems, alarm management in a single-patient room intensive care unit, and Smart Dosing: a mobile application for tracking the medication tray-filling and dispensation processes in hospital wards.
We hypothesize that the freezing of gait
and PSP-like features in our patient may be attributed to the calcification in the midbrain.
Parkinson's disease is a typical neurodegenerative disorder related to the central nervous system, and one of the main symptoms at its early stage is gait disorders, such as reduced stride length , freezing of gait
, and increased gait variability .
Freezing of gait
(FOG) is an episodic gait disturbance , which is characterized by difficulty in gait initiation (start hesitation) and paroxysmal unintentional episodes of motor block during walking .
As the disease progresses, gait impairments worsen and individuals may develop a festinating gait pattern with short, rapid steps, or freezing of gait
, which may lead to falls and decreased quality of life (Grimbergen, Munneke, & Bloem, 2004; Shulman, 2010; Shulman et al.
Freezing of gait
(FOG) is a disabling phenomenon that affects anywhere from 30 to 60 percent of individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) in cross-sectional studies [1-3].
The majority of patients progressively developed falls (64%), postural instability (100%), non-levodopa responsive freezing of gait
(64%), dysphagia (86%), urinary incontinence (57%), severe postural hypotension (36%) and dementia (43%) during the course of follow-up,"the authors wrote.
10) Functional Reach, frequency preferred by Belgium 2006 Freezing of Gait
the patients:1) auditory Questionnaire, Timed up (through a "beep" and Go Test, Nottingham through earphones) 2) Extended Activities of visual (through small Daily Living Index, flashes) 3) somatic Falls Efficacy Scale, sensorial (vibrations Parkinson's Disease coming from a wristband) Questionnaire, Caregiver applied during walking Strain Index, MMSE , upon different surfaces.
Limitations in functional activities include impaired locomotion and freezing of gait
Among the new chapters are those on autonomic dysfunction, depression, freezing of gait
, nonmotor complaints, speech dysfunction, sleep disorders, sensory symptoms, clinical issues of dementia, impulse control disorders, and pathology.