fowl cholera

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fowl cholera

An infectious disease of domestic and wild birds caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida, characterized in its acute form by septicemia and sudden death and in its chronic form by diarrhea, mucus discharge from the mouth and nostrils, and anorexia.


domestic fowl. A member of the genus Gallus of the family Phasianidae, the pheasant family. Characterized by a fleshy comb, earlobes below the eyes and wattles from below the beak, long, drooping hackle feathers on the neck of the cock, pendent, lancet-shaped covert feathers on the wings, upward curving sickle feathers in the tail of the male, jointed spurs on the legs of the cock bird and well-marked sexual dimorphism.
There are many breeds of domestic fowl but they have diminished in importance with the expansion of the broiler and egg industries, most enterprises carrying their own genetic strains identified by code numbers. Some of the more common breeds are identified under the headings: brahma, cochin, cornish, english game, langshan, minorca, orpington (Buff and Black), plymouth rock, rhode island red, silkie, sussex, white leghorn, wyandotte and many breeds of bantam.
For most entries relating to fowls see under avian.

fowl cholera
a contagious widespread disease of fowls caused by Pasteurella multocida and manifested by septicemia with sudden onset, rapid spread, short course and high mortality. There may be diarrhea and dyspnea.
fowl coryza
a serious, widespread, respiratory disease of fowls caused by Avibacteriumparagallinarum and characterized by acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and air sacs. It is characterized by an acute onset of mucoid or serous nasal discharge, facial edema and conjunctivitis, swollen wattles, diarrhea, reduced feed intake and a heavy culling rate.
fowl manna grass
fowl paralysis
fowl paratyphoid
an important cause of wastage in commercial birds, especially turkeys occurring as outbreaks of severe enteritis in young birds caused by Salmonella spp. including over 100 species.
fowl pest
fowl plague
see avian influenza.
fowl pox
see fowlpox.
fowl tick
see argaspersicus.
fowl typhoid
a disease of fowl and turkeys caused by Salmonella gallinarum. It affects only adult hens and is rare in modern, hygienically managed commercial flocks. There is weakness, diarrhea and anemia. The course is short and case mortality is high.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wet land ecosystem and hot humid environment in Karachi could be supporting factor for high prevalence of the fowl cholera in Karachi area.
Muhammad Akram, owner of the Micro Lab, Karachi for facilitating the visit and collection of samples from the fowl cholera infected birds in the best interest of poultry industry.
The microscopic lesions of acute fowl cholera in mature chickens.
Pasteurella multocida detection by 5' Tag nuclease assay: A new tool for use in diagnosing fowl cholera.
Applicability of molecular methods for the detection and differentiation of Pasteurella multocida strains involved in 2 separate fowl cholera outbreaks in a single poultry farm was investigated.