foot-drop


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foot-drop

n.
Paralysis or weakness of the dorsiflexor muscles of the foot and ankle, resulting in dragging of the foot and toes.

foot-drop

Neurology A manifestation of peripheral neuropathy, characterized by an inability to actively dorsiflex and evert the foot at the ankle; the foot drops when the Pt lifts the foot off the ground in the swing phase of ambulation–thus requiring a high stepping gait; it is associated with paresthesiae of feet, loss of vibratory and position sense, spasticity, exaggerated tendon reflexes in legs Etiology Diabetic mononeuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome, severe vitamin B12 deficiency, residual poliomyelitis, old injuries to lateral popliteal–LP or sciatic nerves, cauda equina tumor, massive interverbral disc prolapse at L5S1 level and, formerly in India, LP nerve paralysis due to leprosy. See Wrist drop.
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of surgery in foot-drop deformity is to restore active dorsiflexion thereby restoring normal gait and to prevent secondary impairments due to foot-drop.
The ultimate destruction of the nerves leads to the deformities which used to be such a terrifying feature of leprosy such as foot-drop, wrist- drop, claw-foot and ulcers that lead to loss of fingers and toes.
A long-term follow-up result of posterior tibialis muscle transfer for foot-drop in leprosy patients.
Other features include an angled foot section to help protect against foot-drop, an open heel design to promote wound healing, and adjustable Velcro straps to accommodate wound dressings and swelling.
If foot-drop or knee-flexion contractures develop, the patient's chances of even beginning rehabilitative ambulation are minimal.