foot-and-mouth disease


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foot-and-mouth dis·ease (FMD),

a highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus (genus Aphthovirus) and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
Synonym(s): aftosa

foot-and-mouth disease

n.
An acute, highly contagious degenerative viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever and the eruption of vesicles around the mouth and hooves. It is usually not fatal. Also called hoof-and-mouth disease.
An infection of cloven-hoofed barnyard beasts (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep) or rarely, humans, by a picornavirus, genus Aphthovirus, or by a rhabdovirus, vesicular stomatitis, which has an RNA clothed in a naked icosahedral nucleocapsid

foot-and-mouth dis·ease

(fut mowth di-zēz)
Highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
References in periodicals archive ?
GLOBAL-FAO has urged heightened international surveillance against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) following three recent incursions in Japan and South Korea.
Development and evaluation of tailored specific real-time RT-PCR assays for detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes circulating in East Africa.
Quantities of infectious virus and viral RNA recovered from sheep and cattle experimentally infected with foot-and-mouth disease virus O UK 2001.
Multiple sources of serotypes O, A, and Asia 1 of foot-and-mouth disease viruses, which have caused recent outbreaks in eastern Asia, are endemic to Southeast Asia (13).
Foot-and-mouth disease is a contagious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild species within the family Bovidae.
Earlier on Thursday, the Bulgarian government announced it will provide BGN 300 000 to farmers from Kosti, where the domestic animals were slaughtered over cases of foot-and-mouth disease.
Animal Health's head of contingency planning Gordon Hickman, said: "This exercise will test the plans and responses of all the main operational partners that would be involved in preventing and controlling a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.
THE UK Government has accepted all of the main recommendations in the review of the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease that followed the leak of the virus from the "shabby and dilapidated" Government- licensed labs at Pirbright, Surrey, in 2007.
A SIXTH case of suspected foot-and-mouth disease was being investigated last night.
September 15: Pigs on another farm in Surrey are slaughtered on suspicion of having foot-and-mouth disease.
"Vigilance is absolutely key to containing and eradicating foot-and-mouth disease.
A consignment of 1.5 million doses of trivalent vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), supplied by the European Commission to Turkey, will arrive on 9 March as a contribution towards the spring vaccination campaign against this disease in Turkish Thrace and adjacent areas.