follicular conjunctivitis

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Related to follicular conjunctivitis: chronic follicular conjunctivitis

fol·lic·u·lar con·junc·ti·vi·tis

conjunctivitis associated with hypertrophic lymphoid tissue in the conjunctival fornices.

follicular conjunctivitis

A type of conjunctivitis characterized by pinkish round bodies in the retrotarsal fold; can be chronic or acute.
See also: conjunctivitis


inflammation of the conjunctiva. Extension of the inflammation to the cornea is common, hence keratoconjunctivitis. Individual cases may be due to trauma or to grass seed or other foreign body intrusion. The most serious conjunctivitides are the infectious ones, including those in which conjunctivitis is only an incidental lesion to more serious problems, e.g. rinderpest, malignant catarrhal fever, canine distemper, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. The common specific conjunctivitides are Moraxella bovis infection in cattle, Rickettsia conjunctivae in sheep, goats and pigs, but there is no such infection in horses. In cats, feline herpesvirus and Chlamydophila felis cause a conjunctivitis. Parasitic conjunctivitis may be caused by Habronema spp. in horses and Thelazia spp. in all species. Classical signs of the disease are ocular discharge, serous at first, purulent later, and blepharospasm. Both eyes may be affected. Under-running of the conjunctiva and permanent opacity, even rupture of the eyeball, may follow.

equine seasonal conjunctivitis
irritation caused by flies (Musca domestica) or release of Habronema larvae; called also summer conjunctivitis.
fetal conjunctivitis
present in many cases of intrauterine infection and the causative organism can be cultured from the site.
follicular conjunctivitis
proliferation of lymphoid tissue on the bulbar surface of the third eyelid, often extending to the adjacent bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva in response to any chronic inflammation or stimulation such as dust, entropion, ectropion, distichiasis or bacterial infection.
ligneous conjunctivitis
a chronic, membranous conjunctivitis involving the lids and third eyelid with deposition of amorphous eosinophilic hyaline material in the subconjunctival tissues. Young female Doberman pinschers may be predisposed.
conjunctivitis neonatorum
neonatal kittens infected by feline herpesvirus may have severe ocular involvement, even before their eyelids become unsealed. Ulcerative keratitis and panophthalmitis are common sequelae.
primary conjunctivitis
caused by infectious agents, parasites or toxic agents affecting the conjunctiva in the first instance.
secondary conjunctivitis
associated with foreign bodies or diseases of the cornea, lacrimal system, eyelids, orbit, or body as a whole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical and epidemiological features of acute follicular conjunctivitis with special reference to that caused by herpes simplex virus type 1.
The common features of AHC are follicular conjunctivitis, subconjunctival hemorrhage, purulent discharge, lid swelling, pre-auricular lymphadenopathy and punctuate epithelial keratitis.
Puppies and young dogs are typical follicular conjunctivitis patients, and the illness usually subsides with age.

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