fluorosis


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Related to fluorosis: Skeletal fluorosis

fluorosis

 [floo͡″ro´sis]
a condition due to ingestion of excessive amounts of fluorine or its compounds; see fluoride poisoning.
chronic endemic fluorosis that due to unusually high concentrations of fluoride, usually in the natural drinking water supply, typically causing dental fluorosis characterized by a mottled appearance of the teeth. Combined osteosclerosis and osteomalacia can also occur in occupational exposures to vapors and dust.
dental fluorosis hypoplasia of the dental enamel resulting from prolonged ingestion of drinking water containing high levels of fluoride, manifested by the condition called mottled enamel.
skeletal fluorosis skeletal changes due to long term ingestion of excessive fluoride; they may include hyperostosis, osteopetrosis, and osteoporosis.

fluor·o·sis

(flōr-ō'sis),
1. A condition caused by an excessive intake of fluorides (2 or more ppm in drinking water), characterized mainly by mottling, staining, or hypoplasia of the enamel of the teeth, although the skeletal bones are also affected.
2. Chronic poisoning of livestock with fluorides that blacken and soften developing teeth and reduce bones to a chalky brittleness; most often caused by ingestion of forage contaminants near large aluminum plants.

fluorosis

(flo͝o-rō′sĭs, flô-, flō-)
n.
An abnormal condition caused by excessive intake of fluorine, as from fluoridated drinking water, characterized chiefly by mottling of the teeth.

fluo·rot′ic (-rŏt′ĭk) adj.
A chronic low-level intoxication that occurs where drinking water has fluoride concentrations above 2 ppm

fluorosis

Chronic fluoride poisoning Toxicology A chronic low-level intoxication that occurs where drinking water has fluoride > 2 ppm Clinical Weight loss, brittle bones, anemia, weakness, ill health, stiffness of joints, mottled enamel and chalky white discolored teeth with a normal resistance to caries; fluorosis is common, given flouride's availability in mouth rinses, toothpastes, misuse of fluoride treatments. See Fluoride, Fluoride poisoning, Fluoride treatment, Fluorine.

fluor·o·sis

(flōr-ō'sis)
A condition caused by an excessive intake of fluorides, characterized mainly by mottling, staining, or hypoplasia of the enamel of the teeth.

fluorosis

Poisoning with repeated large doses of the element fluorine. This may affect aluminium ore (bauxite) miners and workers involved in insecticide and phosphate fertilizer manufacture. The calcium in the bones is gradually replaced by fluorine and the bones become soft and crumbly. Abnormal bone protrusions occur and these may cause trouble, especially in the spine, where they may press on the spinal cord or nerve roots.

fluor·o·sis

(flōr-ō'sis)
Condition caused by an excessive fluoride intake (2 or more ppm in drinking water), characterized by mottling, staining, or hypoplasia of the tooth enamel.

Patient discussion about fluorosis

Q. How do you differentiate between fluorosis and caries? Both appear as white spots on the teeth, so clinically how do you differentiate between them? I know it has something to do with their appearance while wet and dry, but I am not sure what? please help me I can't find this in any book.

A. Only mild fluorosis is seen as white stop lesion on the tooth. It usually comes with brown spots. Look for them. Another method is trying to stick a dental explorer into it (not the Microsoft one- it’ll only be a portal for viruses..) and because caries is demineralized area it will feel kind of sticky. But I wouldn’t do that…it can harm the teeth. Another way is by an x ray. Fluorosis- you will see it as a whiter spot. Caries- a more translucent spot.

More discussions about fluorosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Determining the dose of exposure to fluoride in the critical age range for dental fluorosis has been the aim of some studies conducted in different countries.
A cross-sectional study design was used to determine the difference in fluorosis for adolescents identified in 2001-2002 as compared to adolescents identified with fluorosis in 2011-2012.
This case report presents a step-by-step aesthetic rehabilitation of a patient with severe fluorosis by using ceramic veneers.
Furthermore, a high amount of fluoride in drinking water is a cause of concern as it may lead to dental fluorosis. This necessitates the use of fluoride in dentifrice as topical application [30, 31].
In India, few researches have been carried out in fluorosis affected areas to see the gravity of the problem and reason behind it.
People who consume water with moderate amounts of excess fluoride (more than 1.5 milligrammes per litre) develop dental fluorosis characterised by brown teeth (usually before six years of age), while long-term exposure can lead to potentially severe skeletal problems.
According to him, 'an increase in the prevalence of dental fluorosis has been reported concomitantly with the decrease in tooth caries.'
People and animals living in such rural areas are under threat of fluorosis. The adverse effect of fluoride on haematopoietic organs (Eren et al., 2005) and suppression of the functions of blood cells have been reported (Curnette, 1979).
In recent years, the prevalence of dental and skeletal fluorosis in India is increasing due to population overgrowth and erratic rainfall necessitating for more and more indiscriminate digging of tube wells leading to more usage of fluoridated drinking water and total unawareness of importance of water quality assessment and drinking from any and every source.
(4) Ademas de las consecuencias esteticas y funcionales, un estudio in vitro realizado en la Unidad de Investigacion en Caries (UNICA), sobre dientes extraidos con fluorosis moderada provenientes de pacientes colombianos, sugiere que la porosidad del esmalte con fluorosis lo hace mas susceptible a la desmoralizacion.
ous large benefits with negligible sideC...effects resulting in an enamel staining ("mottling" of teeth), known later as "fluorosis".