These preventable measures include impeccable oral hygiene, in-office fluoride application
, tooth fillings, and placement of sealants.
is believed to work through a reaction between the fluoride ion and ionized calcium in the tubular fluid.
Both will offer medical and dental examinations, tooth extractions, fluoride application
, and pit and fissure sealant application.
(14) Although salivary retention of fluoride does not necessarily reflect anticaries effect, this data can provide some indication of dose-effective methods of topical fluoride application
The [CaF.sub.2] particles are the major reaction products after a topical fluoride application
to tooth surfaces (1-3) The source of calcium (Ca) necessary for [CaF.sub.2] precipitation after topical F application could be enamel, saliva, plaque fluid, oral mucosa or calculus (13).
Augenstein et al presented an interesting review of 87 cases of accidental fluoride ingestion, which included ingestion of topical fluoride products, excessive topical fluoride application
by dental practitioners, and ingestion of a sodium fluoride insecticide, analysis of which indicated that the majority of cases of fluoride toxicity in children of less than 12 years of age, in amounts up to 8.4 mg/kg of body weight, resulted in mostly mild and self-limiting symptoms, which were mostly gastrointestinal in nature.
(1) Another Cochrane review found 17 randomized controlled trials comparing different methods of topical fluoride application
The AMA endorses fluoride application
in general, but admits it has not carried out any research work on the subject.
In patients receiving head and neck radiation to treat cancers--a group at high risk of poor salivary flow--Enamelon's remineralizing properties were "significantly superior" to a conventional fluoride application
in preventing root decay, according to a report published in the July 1999 GERODONTOLOGY.
For each F and NF parish, the percentage of Medicaid-eligible children aged 1-5 years who, during the study period, received one or more of the following types of services was calculated: 1) caries-related services (e.g., fillings, crowns, and pulpotomies); 2) examinations or preventive care (topical fluoride or prophylaxis) but no caries-related services; 3) topical fluoride application
(with or without caries-related care); and 4) dental care in a hospital OR.
* Lifelong daily fluoride application
, good nutrition, and oral hygiene are especially important for patients with salivary gland dysfunction.
The following services are available for $15 (free for CLC students with ID): teeth cleaning, X-rays, fluoride application
, and pit and fissure sealants.