fleam


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fleam

A medical device of historic interest, which was used for bloodletting and lancing swollen gums.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fleams were most typically used by veterinarians in early bloodletting treatments.
Facing the either-or choice of life with shame or death with honor, Leofsunu chooses to take the chance that death will take him, and we learn that "He full ierre wod, / feaht faestlice, fleam he forhogode" (253b-255, He advanced, full of anger, fought resolutely, scorned flight).
His lungs feel as if they are being flensed, or their ticking filed at with fleam teeth; he is coughing himself fraught to fractions--curd, clot, each necrotic clod through the cud--a decimal at a time."
Martin Arista (forthcoming a) offers a typology of zero-derivation phenomena in Old English that includes: (i) zero derivation with explicit inflectional morphemes and without explicit derivational morphemes, as in ridan 'to ride' > rida 'rider'; (ii) zero derivation without explicit or implicit morphemes, either inflectional or derivational, as in bidan 'to delay' > bid 'delay'; (iii) zero derivation without inflectional or derivational morphemes but displaying ablaut, as in drifan 'to drive' > draf 'action of driving'; and (iv) zero derivation with ablaut and formatives that can no longer be considered productive affixes, such as -m in fleon 'to fly' > fleam 'flight'.