flat foot


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flat foot

A common (20–30% of the population) complaint, which affects many age groups. True flat feet (as defined by orthopaedists) are uncommon. Often, a parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hind-foot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot. Avalgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy. Flat foot grades are based on disability, ranging from mere strain or tenderness to osseous rigidity. The peroneal spastic flat feet variant is commonly due to abnormal coalescence between 2 or more tarsal bones, often at the calcaneocuboid, calcaneonavicular, and talocalcaneal bars.

Flat foot, acquired types
Ligamentous—Due to tendino-ligamentous trauma
Muscular—Due to poor control or incoordination (from e.g., poliomyelitis or cerebral palsy).
Osseous—Due to trauma or degeneration.
Postural—Due to internal tibial torsion as occurs in obesity, muscle fatigue, faulty footwear and/or strenuous work on feet, and arthritis.

flat foot

Pes planus Orthopedics A common complaint, which affects many age groups; true FF are uncommon; often the parent will perceive flattening of the foot when a child first ambulates; laxity of the ligaments may result in collapse of the foot with valgus on the hindfoot, and eversion or pronation of the forefoot; a valgus deformity of > 10% requires therapy; often a shoe will suffice as therapy

flat foot

The condition in which the normal longitudinal arch of the foot has collapsed. This is mainly due to weakness of the muscles that support the arch and this may result from prolonged standing leading to muscle fatigue, or from illness. The foot turns out and the condition tends to be painful while it is developing and painless thereafter. Treatment involves strengthening the weak muscles by exercises and support of the foot so that the arch is restored.

Patient discussion about flat foot

Q. Can flat feet be repaired by surgery? I have flat feet and I’m looking for all sorts of treatments for it- I heard there is a surgery for it- is it helpful?

A. As far as I know- they don’t treat flat feet that are asymptomatic. So first of all check if it bothers you. secondly there are 2 kinds of flat feet- rigid and flexible. There are different and treated differently. Not always a surgery (which is very painful and costly) is needed– I went to a Rolf method therapist by the advice of my orthopedic and it’s much better now. Ask an orthopedic.

Q. I think my son has flat foot, how to tell for sure? I didn't notice it before, he is 3 years old now and all shoes hurt him. Does it mean he has flat foot? what else can it be?

A. Pes planus (flat foot) is not a rare condition in toddlers, and may resolves spontaneously as the child grows. It is diagnosed clinically, i.e. by a doctor such as pediatrician or pediatric orthopedic surgeon, and radiographs are not universally indicated

More discussions about flat foot
References in periodicals archive ?
In next stage, if individuals with score 2 located in individuals with severe flat foot, and rest of samples located in group without severe flat foot; by considering results given at diagram (2) with [X.sup.2] test.
Twenty seven ones had severe flat foot. That it included %31.8 of participants totally.
We have considered that the correct and systematic selection and application of the elaborated recovery program will have a positive effect and will determine the correction of the physical deficiency, the flat foot, to the pupils that are engaged in the study.
Comparatively analyzing the initial and the final results of the sole's geometrical alterations to the pupils engaged in the study we have noticed positive results in correcting the physical deficiency, the flat foot.
Arch index has not been studied as a parameter for assessing the success of the conservative management of flat foot, as this index is usually used only to grade the severity of flat foot.
Table 1: Clinical grading of flat foot Clinical Grading Number % Mild (Grade I) 43 56.6 Moderate (Grade II) 33 43.4 Severe (Grade III) -- -- Table 2: Showing arch index Number Average arch index Flat Feet (Both clinically and podogram) 47 3.4 Flat Feet (Only Clinically) 29 2.8 Control 100 2.4
Results showed that, there is no relationship between rate of damage to knee and ankle and height of foot's medial longitudinal arch [23], With regard to the point that, in this study no relationship was found between flat foot and stress urinary incontinence, but a significant association was seen in several studies between low back pain and feet abnormal position.
There was no significant difference between number of individuals with flat foot among two groups of stress urinary incontinence and urinary continence women.
Flat foot prevalence varies considerably with age, finding that 6 years of age is the age limit for the disappearance of flat foot, which is also evident in our study where children older than 6 years of age presented much lower prevalence than younger school children, similar to that reported by Arizmendi (9).
The study by Bhaskara (10) reported as another factor related to the presence of flat foot the increase in body mass index, as also reported by Pfeiffer who even stated a three times greater risk for flat foot in overweight patients (1).
In this research, some doctors recommend insoles for flat foot robot Hani medical companies in the market are used.
"These people have tremendous flat foot to the point that their ankle is involved," said Dr.