Hence, the retroperitoneum was explored through a flank incision
to find a fatty mass in the left renal fossa.
He underwent a right open adrenalectomy in March 2014 through right flank incision
and histopathology revealed metastatic HCC with angio-lymphatic invasion (Fig.2).
is a familiar incision to urologists, but the traditional incision over 12th or 11th rib may not permit adequate exposure of the adrenal mass and its vasculature.
"Such tumor masses in adrenal gland are removed usually by open surgery with big flank incision
", says Dr.
He underwent surgery and en-bloc resection of the tumour via a left oblique flank incision
was performed (Figure 2).
This is usually completed as a day procedure by your vet, either by flank incision
(over the left side of your cat) or midline (over the tummy).
Under spinal and epidural anesthesia with right flank incision
and retroperitoneal approach, after proximal control of the graft with nylon tape (Fig.
The size of uterus containing fetal bones was neither too small nor too large; so caesarian section by flank incision
or by incision on lower abdomen parallel to milk vein could not be the choice for laparohysterotomy.
She was approached via subcostal flank incision
. The left ureter was identified and ureterotomy was done.
For anatrophic nephrolithotomy the kidney is approached through the standard flank incision
. After gaining access to the retroperitoneal space the Gerota's fascia is carefully incised and the kidney mobilised with care taken not to disrupt the renal capsule.
was closed in routine manner, leaving gap of 5cm on dorsal aspect for daily lavage of peritoneum using 30-35 liters of RO water which was drained out through the fenestrated tube followed by 15 liters of Normal saline and 500 ml.
Permanent flank bulge is a consequence of flank incision
for radical nephrectomy in one half of patients.