1979) Calcium-induced asymmetrical beating of triton-demembranated sea urchin sperm flagella
The quantity of nonaesthetasc setae on the inner antennular flagella
was similar to those found on the outer antennular flagella
in all 6 Lysmata species (Table 1).
Even though they do not provide details of the disparities within individual flagella
, they support the conclusion that aesthetascs near the proximal origin of the sensilla array are considerably more effective in exciting Type I cells within the OL than those located within the middle or tip regions of the array.
We analyzed the presence of flagella
by negative staining and transmission electron microscopy.
In 2009, a Japanese group showed that young Chlamydomonas release an enzyme called sporangin from their flagella
A strong correlation between the swimming speed and the beat frequency was also verified by the nearly constant dimensionless swimming speed except in spermatozoa having short flagella
The "nonaesthetasc pathway" is composed of chemosensory and mechanosensory neurons that innervate all other sensilla, whether in the tuft or nontuft regions of the flagella
, that terminate in the stratified paired lateral antennular neuropils (LAN).
As long as the beads didn't adhere near an alga's flagella
, each cell could haul a load of its own weight with little slowdown.
Bimodal chemo-mechanosensory sensilla also occur on both flagella
of the 1st antennae (= antennules) of decapod crustaceans.
Centrioles are critical for the formation of cilia, flagella
and centrosomes, as well as for human health.
The bacteria multiply much faster; they have long tail-like projections, called flagella
, used to move; and they exhibit a needle complex they use to pierce cells and inject their proteins.
Chlamydomonas cells whose flagella
have been immobilized by chemical agents are found to settle in suspension with their flagella
uppermost (7, 8).