Based on the similarity of external appearance, Zanchiophylus may be related to Tuponia Reuter, 1875 (Wagner, 1975; Zheng and Li, 1992), but that genus lacks the flabellate
pulvillus and broadened, strongly wound vesica.
Uppercase letters in parentheses after the species name are macro-morphological descriptions: AR, arborescent; CL, clathrate; EN, encrusting: FI, ficiform; FL, flabellate
; MA, massive; MG, massive globulose; PA, papillate; RE, repent; TU, tubular.
mira when compared to the taxa included in Chevaliera are related to the inflorescence structure and the texture of the bracts: the numerous and densely arranged branches are flabellate (vs.
mira numerous flabellate branches and thin-textured primary bracts and floral bracts which are comparatively large in size, densely white lepidote sepals, as well as the sulcate pollen.
Ovary (2-)4-5(-14) carpellate, superior to inferior, with usually axile to intruded parietal placentation, rarely apical or basal; ovules 1 to many per carpel, anatropous to nearly campylotropous, unitegmic, tenuinucellate, the embryo sac usually of the Polygonum type; style short to long, hollow, sometimes expanded apically; stigma truncate to capitate or slightly to strongly lobed, sometimes cup shaped, funnel shaped, or flabellate to pinnatifid.
Flowers wind pollinated, inconspicuous, imperfect, with perianth of distinct tepals, the stigma flabellate to pinnatifid; leaves always ericoid Ericoideae, Empetreae 5.
Inflorescence distincly bipinnate, many flowered; primary bracts foliaceous; fascicles the basal ones 3 to 4-flowered, flabellate
, slightly complanate, 18-20 x 10-11 mm (excluding the petals), basal peduncle ca.
Ovules solitary or occasionally paired in the axils of bracts on short branchlets or stalks which themselves are axillary on the first-, second- or occasionally third-year branchlet, sessile, subtending scales about 12-20, decussate, ovate to flabellate
, concave, membranous, often rugose, nearly enclosed at maturity by the aril; arils open at the apex, 5-10 x 5-7 mm, green when young, sometimes remaining so, becoming orange or usually bright scarlet red at maturity; seeds hard, ovoid, 5-7 x 4-5 mm, becoming 2-4-angled at the apex, the hilum slightly depressed, ovate, triangular or square.
10, polystichously and densely disposed, nearly sessile, flabellate
, complanate, ca.