Based on the experience of the authors, the cases address non-malignant and malignant airway obstruction, then technical challenges in interventional bronchoscopy, such as fistulation
, bleeding, copious secretions, critical airway obstruction, rigid tube coring and dilatation, flexible forceps dilatation, stenting, and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.
With respect to potential complications, they can be characterized at the injection site (eg, bleeding, thrombosis, fistulation
, nerve damage), intervention site (eg, rupture, dissection, improper target or trajectory), and postembolization (eg, secondary infection, post-embolization syndrome).
Secondary Arterioenteric Fistulation
A Systematic Literature Analysis.
It was previously thought nasosinus fistulation
was required for a successful sinus surgery, but in reality as long as the normal drainage angle is maintained and foreign material (including inspissated pus) is completely removed, fistulation
is not required.
The patient was subsequently transferred to the radiology suite for pelvic arteriography where, without a tamponading stent, fistulation
between the left IIA and ureter was identified.
Anastomotic leak, hoarseness, chylothorax, fundal necrosis; fistulation
, abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, pulmonary complications; and mortality over a period of 28 days was documented for each patient.
Mucosal ulceration or fistulation
occurs in about 15-50% of these tumors.
Aphthoid ulceration, structuring, and fistulation
(2009) treated a case of abomasal fistulation
and herniation by end-to-end anastomosis of abomasum in cattle.
CD occurs more frequently in young persons, presenting as inflammation involving the entire gastrointestinal tract, though mainly the small and large intestines, and is associated with complications such as intestinal stenosis and fistulation
. CD becomes advanced with recurrences and relapse, and the quality of life (QOL) deteriorates in patients unresponsive to treatment.
Pelvic actinomycosis can affect any age group, with no preference for occupation or season and is secondary to perforation or fistulation
Guo, "Invasive methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus endocarditis resulting in right ventricular pseudoaneurysm and fistulation
to previous bypass graft," Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol.