fingerprinting


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Related to fingerprinting: DNA fingerprinting
The identification of a chemical, molecule or specific finding by comparing it to others of the same family of chemicals, molecules, or findings
Forensics The identification of a person based on the patterns of arches, loops and whorls on fingers and hands
Molecular biology The profiling of a molecule to detect highly characteristic features
Examples DNA, protein, peptide, and chemical fingerprinting

fingerprinting

  1. a technique for detecting differences in the amino acid sequence of proteins. The proteins are cleaved into PEPTIDES, which are separated by ELECTROPHORESIS in one dimension and by CHROMATOGRAPHY in the second dimension. This generates a pattern of peptide spots (the ‘fingerprint’) that is characteristic for a particular protein.
  2. (also called DNA fingerprinting or genetic fingerprinting) a technique for establishing identity and relatedness of specific ORGANISMS based on the DNA (or RNA) of an individual. For humans, the DNA fingerprint comprises a ladder of DNA fragments generated by specific RESTRICTION DIGESTION of certain hypervariable repeated DNA sequences within the GENOME. The number and arrangement of these sequences is characteristic of each person (identical twins being an exception). The DNA fingerprint generated (which resembles a barcode) is thus generally unique to an individual.
  3. a technique used to distinguish between strains of an RNA VIRUS, by detecting small differences in the NUCLEOTIDE sequence of the RNA GENOME.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fingerprinting Express services include notary services, secure document shredding, passport and employment licensing photo services and more.
Researchers use honeypots as a mechanism to deceive fingerprinting attackers and provide activity logs to defend against attacks.
In this paper, we propose a design of irregular grid structure for RF fingerprinting and a statistical significance test framework for fingerprint data validation.
The researchers also evaluated Tor Browser and Firegloves, two privacy-enhancing tools offering fingerprinting resistance.
The researchers have developed a tool called FPDetective to detect websites using device fingerprinting technologies.
In announcing the resolution of the dispute with Saudi Arabia, Mehdi Aminian, deputy chief of Iran's Hajj Organization, told Fars Saudi Arabia had agreed to fire the officials involved in fingerprinting the Iranian women.
Typically, this indicates the fingerprinting technician rolled the fingerprints incorrectly.
This is the first study in which an ASC program and repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (Rep-PCR) fingerprinting were used to characterize the genetic relatedness and document intrahospital spread of VNSE.
The combination of metabolic profiling and fingerprinting will lead to the realization of metabolomics.
Cole is the author of Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification (Harvard University Press, 2001).
Upon completion of reading Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification, the reader may ask, What was Dr.
[1] This problem goes beyond just the issue of entering persons into NCIC; it resonates to include fingerprinting and conducting wanted person checks on recently arrested individuals.