Multivariate regression analysis applied to all 370 patients showed that having filarial
infection increased the odds of having SMM by 6.49 and the existence of [less than or equal to] 1 hemoglobinopathies increased the odds by 3.93.
geniculatus) were infected with filarial
strains previously described from Dirofilaria immitis, and two mosquitoes (Aedes punctor and Culex torrentium) were positive for both arthropod and filarial
Most laboratory findings including filarial
worm egg inspection were within normal limits, though urinalysis confirmed pyuria.
brasiliensis nematodes as well as filarial
nematodes like Brugia malayi highlighted how induction of AAMs is determinant in the response against these parasites.
Thus different studies conducted on anti-Wolbachia treatment in vivo (animal and human) and in vitro demonstrated lethal effects on filarial
On some filarial
parasites of South American primates, with a description of Tetrapetalonema tamarinae n.
In the early stages, medical therapy with DEC can produce good results in the filarial
disease of the neck.
Interestingly, it is worth noting that the recent case reported by Chew and Teh  was based on ultrasound (US) and the observation of the filarial
dance sign (FDS), an alternative diagnosis method for LF, commonly used in India  and not on the detection of MF in blood.
infections, eg lymphatic filariasis, loiasis, and onchocerciasis, can also cause eosinophilia.
In the session on filarial
, Eileen Devaney from Scotland discussed about the microRNA: A new technique for Filarial
nematode and its control.
(70) Recent studies also showed existence of co-infection of filarial
parasite with bacteria (TB), (49) malaria (49,71) and opportunistic yeast.