Hohmann retractors are in place to protect the Achilles tendon, plantar fascia, and subtalar joint (tip of this latter Hohmann located in sinus tarsi); (+) sign is for fibulocalcaneal ligament and (*) is for retinaculum for peroneal tendons.
This line is tangent to the insertions ends of the fibulocalcaneal ligament (+) and the retinaculum for peroneal tendons (*).
From post-dural puncture headache (not an uncommon pain syndrome where I practise) to Parsonage-Turner Syndrome (brachial neuritis) to fibulocalcaneal
pain syndrome (sprained ankle), most structures that could give rise to pain as a result of degeneration or over-use are mentioned.
The ligaments in the ankle usually tear in sequence from the anterior talofibular to the fibulocalcaneal
, and finally, the posterior talofibular.