further contributed that necrosis, luminal narrowing, fibrosis, loss of medial elastic fibres or smooth muscle and fibromuscular hyperplasia
may also be evident.
Because of the extreme rarity and unfamiliarity of the disease, the carotid web was variously described in the literature as carotid bulb web, carotid bulb diaphragm, carotid bulb septa, pseudovalvular folds, atypical fibromuscular dysplasia, and atypical fibromuscular hyperplasia .
Russell, "Atypical fibromuscular hyperplasia: report of two cases," Journal of Neurosurgery, vol.
Various pathological causes have been considered as leading to an increase in interarm BP differences such as atherosclerosis, vasculitis, fibromuscular hyperplasia
, connective tissue, and thoracic outlet compression.
The vessels are thick walled, with fibromuscular hyperplasia
. Terminal villi are usually normal.
: extension of the disease and therapeutic outcome.
The subtype "fibromuscular intimal thickening" (Figure 3, A through D) would include the hyperplastic form of arteriolosclerosis but would similarly include fibromuscular hyperplasia
in arteries, as seen in transplant vasculopathy, restenosis lesions after balloon angioplasty or stenting, and nonspecific intimal thickening as occurs in temporal arteries with aging.
Third trimester PMD placentas have dilated thick-walled chorionic plate vessels with fibromuscular hyperplasia
and may have fresh or organizing thrombi (Figure 3, A) with varying degrees of luminal obliteration.
Gastric antral biopsies performed at that time showed nonspecific changes of chronic gastritis and slight fibromuscular hyperplasia
of the lamina propria.
Leiomyosarcoma arising in atypical fibromuscular hyperplasia
(phyllodes tumor) of the prostate with distant metastasis.