fetal distress


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nonreassuring fetal status

abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm on electronic monitoring, suggesting fetal ischemia.
Synonym(s): fetal distress

fetal distress

A nonspecific clinical diagnosis indicating pathology in the fetus. The distress, which may be due to lack of oxygen, is judged by fetal heart rate or biochemical changes in the amniotic fluid or fetal blood.
See also: distress

fetal distress

Observable changes in the fetus during pregnancy or, more often, labour, caused mainly by an insufficient oxygen supply via the placenta. The signs are a sustained rise in the heart rate to above 160/min, slowing of the fetal heart rate after each contraction of the womb, persistent slowness below 120/min, heart irregularity and contraction of the fetal bowel with the passage into the uterine fluid of greenish stools (meconium). These signs do not necessarily indicate lack of oxygen and fetal distress is difficult to evaluate. Fetal blood sampling, through an ENDOSCOPE, may be more useful.
References in periodicals archive ?
Interaction with diagnosis allows the possibility, for example, that HMOs might be less likely to perform c-sections for dystocia and more likely to do so for fetal distress, or vice versa.
In addition, fetal distress occurred in six cases in the control group and two cases in the observation group, the rate of fetal distress was higher in the control group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05).
In our study indications for caesarean section were fetal distress, failed induction, Chorioamnionitis and failure to progress due to Macrosomia.
But incidence increases much more in presence of risk factors like prematurity, small for gestational age babies, infants of diabetic mothers, birth asphyxia, fetal distress and septicemia10.
The greatest indicator for cesarean section due to fetal distress was a non-reactive non-stress test with decelerations
Although the presence of meconium alone is not conclusive, many medical authorities agree that meconium staining is at least consistent with fetal distress and must be dealt with promptly.
"The ability to assess the baby's tolerance to labor along with better recognition of fetal distress can help reduce the incidence and severity of birth related brain damage."
They include the plaintiff attorney's case summary, complaint, opening statement, and closing argument; depositions from plaintiff and defense expert witnesses; verdict information; TRIAL articles and ATLA Education speaker papers; national guidelines pertaining to fetal distress, induction of labor, C-sections, and preeclampsia; secondary sources, such as Internet resources, a medical glossary of terms, and an abbreviated medical journa survey; and medical illustrations from Medical Legal Art: The Doe Report, an ATLA Extras company.
We're gratified that the evidence against widespread episiotomy use has finally reached the public, and hope the procedure will only be used when it is truly necessary, such as in the event of fetal distress. We also hope this critical look at a procedure so long thought beneficial will result in similar evaluations of potentially harmful, routine birthing practices.
Early spontaneous rupture of membranes initiated preterm labor, and a cesarean section was performed at 36 weeks' gestation because of fetal distress. A 5-pound, 7-ounce, healthy boy was delivered without complications.
Acute effects of cocaine exposure include fetal distress, seizures, irritable behavior, sleep disturbances, tremors and muscle rigidity.
There were no differences in pregnancy outcome, delivery method, maternal weight gain, gestational age, infant birth weight or fetal distress. In the echinacea group, six major and six minor malformations occurred; of these, four major and two minor malformations appeared in babies of women who took echinacea during the first trimester, the most important period in terms of initial fetal development.