Those numbers may help explain results of a 2001 study in Pennsylvania that reported 500 fetal deaths
after motor vehicle crashes, compared with 300 deaths of children up to age 4 years who were involved in vehicle crashes in the same time period.
rates are five times higher in Japan than in whites in the United States.
Reasons for the lack of registration of these deaths likely include confusion regarding whether they were fetal deaths
or deaths of live-born infants.
The researchers suggested that improving access to care might help reduce disparities in fetal death
. (Page 1,902)
More speculative explanations of the mechanisms leading to fetal death
with obesity include the presence of sleep apnea and resulting decrease in oxygen to the fetus (Franklin et al., 2000), the reduced ability to detect fetal movement (Fretts, 2005), and lower rates of diagnosis of congenital abnormality (Phatak & Ramsay, 2010).
"The Impact of Maternal Age on Fetal Death
: Does Length of Gestation Matter?" American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 203 (6): 554.
Proportions of filling-in and completeness of out-patient fetal death
investigation forms (F1 forms).
Coarctation of the umbilical cord: a cause of intrauterine fetal death
. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1978;15(5):469-73.
In one case of non-IUGR with fetal death
, there was bilateral renal agenesis.
However, lower-income residents, especially those from minority groups, are more likely to be hospitalized for asthma, hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes, and to experience infertility, preterm birth, and fetal death
Zika virus infection during pregnancy has also been linked to fetal death
and other adverse birth outcomes.
To illustrate the importance of registration practices, however, one should consider that in 198 1, the fetal death
ratio for gestational age 28 weeks or over was 7.2 per 1,000 live births in Japan and 6.8 per 1,000 live births in the United States.