fetal asphyxia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

fetal asphyxia

a condition of hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and respiratory and metabolic acidosis that may occur in the uterus. Among possible causes are uteroplacental insufficiency, abruptio placentae, placenta previa, uterine tetany, maternal hypotension, and compression of the umbilical cord.

fetal asphyxia

Asphyxia occurring in a fetus. It results from interference in placental circulation, umbilical cord compression, or premature separation of the placenta, as in abruptio placentae.
See also: asphyxia

fetal asphyxia

The serious condition of deprivation of oxygen to the fetus from interference with its blood supply. This may occur from compression of the umbilical cord, as from looping round the neck of the fetus, a reduction in the blood flow to the PLACENTA or separation of the placenta from its bed. See also FETAL DISTRESS.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, in a study of 153,593 children, those born to high-risk women who were carefully watched and delivered if there were signs of fetal asphyxia were seven times less likely to develop attention-deficit disorder (ADD) as children born to low-risk mothers who were not monitored, Dr.
Vintzileos and colleagues, published in 1993, showed a significant decrease in perinatal death associated with fetal asphyxia, the reason for the results' lack of correlation with the results of the other trials was unknown.
Continuous electronic intraoperative fetal monitoring (9) is done routinely to oversee the fetal status during labor and is a resource that has proven to be useful to detect changes in fetal wellbeing (10); however, it is unable to detect intrapartum fetal asphyxia and hence the opportunity for early intervention to ensure the wellbeing of the fetus is missed (11).
Limitations in the clinical prediction of intrapartum fetal asphyxia.
Classification of Intrapartum Fetal Asphyxia Asphyxia Metabolic Cardiovascular, acidosis respiratory, at and renal delivery Encephalopathy complications * Minor Moderate Severe Minor Moderate/severe Mild + +/- +/- Moderate + + +/- Severe + + + * Umbilical artery base deficit [greater than or equal to]12 mmol/L.
At vaginal delivery we strive to avoid fetal asphyxia and brachial plexus injury.

Full browser ?