fennel


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fen·nel

(fen'ĕl),
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare (family Umbelliferae), an herb native to southern Europe and Asia, a diaphoretic and carminative; a volatile oil distilled from the fruit is used as a flavoring.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel

/fen·nel/ (fen´il) the flowering herb Foeniculum vulgare, or its edible seeds, which are used as a source of fennel oil.

fennel

A perennial herb that contains fixed oils (e.g., oleic, linoleic and petroselenic acids), flavonoids, vitamins and volatile oils (e.g., anethole, estragole, limonene and pinene).
 
Chinese medicine
The seeds are regarded as antispasmodic, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant and tonic, and used for colic, dyspepsia, hernias, nausea and vomiting. 

Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, fennel is regarded as a carminative; the seeds and roots are used to treat tired eyes, gastric discomfort, kidney stones, to increase breast milk and to stimulate the appetite; other uses are similar to those in Chinese herbal medicine.

fen·nel

(fen'ĕl)
Fennel seed, the dried ripe fruit of cultivated varieties of Foeniculum vulgare, a diaphoretic and carminative.
[through O. Fr., fr. L. faeniculum, fennel, dim. of faenum, hay]

fennel,

n Latin name:
Foeniculum vulgare; part used: seeds; uses: abnormal menstruation, hampered lactation, low sex drive; precautions: pregnancy, lactation; essential oil: children; patients with liver disease or stomach ulcers; not for long-term use; can cause convulsions, nausea, contact dermatitis, photosensitivity, lung edemas, and some cancers. Also called
aneth fenouil, carosella, fenchel, funcho, garden fennel, hinojo, large fennel, sweet fennel, and
wild fennel.
Enlarge picture
Fennel.
References in periodicals archive ?
Twenty four rats were divided into control, drug (fluoxetine) and fennel oil treated groups.
The number of superficial cells increased in the fennel group after eight weeks compared to the control group (76.
Pour over the fish, scatter with fennel fronds and serve.
Gently fold in peas, fennel, apple, and green onion.
Place the asparagus and fennel in a bowl and add the fennel seeds, half of the lemon juice, salt and pepper and a little olive oil and toss to coat.
The other kind of fennel--which also has ferny tops, only shorter--is known as Florence fennel, bulb fennel, cultivated fennel or sweet fennel.
INGREDIENTS 60ml orange juice 1tbsp honey 1tsp fennel seeds, toasted 1tbsp vegetable oil 1tbsp lemon juice 1 clove garlic, crushed 750g chicken thigh fillets, trimmed and sliced 12 baby rainbow carrots, thinly sliced with a vegetable peeler INGREDIENTS 60ml orange juice 1tbsp honey 1tsp fennel seeds, toasted 1tbsp vegetable oil 1tbsp lemon juice 1 clove garlic, crushed 750g chicken thigh fillets, trimmed and sliced 12 baby rainbow carrots, thinly sliced with a vegetable peeler METHOD 1.
For fennel syrup: 11ua2tbsp fennel seeds; 1 cup granulated sugar; 1 cup water For juice: 1ua4 cup apple juice; 1tbsp fresh lemon juice; 11ua4 cup sparkling water; apple slices and fennel fronds for garnish (optional)
Which brings me on to this week's recipe, which is for fennel and pea curry.
For the salmon: Combine salt, sugars, and fennel seeds.
The various factors that impair fennel yield and seed quality in Brazil include insect pests, particularly the fennel aphid Hyadaphis foeniculi (Pass.