feline immunodeficiency virus

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feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV),

a slow viral disease of Felidae with worldwide distribution; characterized by chronic immunosuppression and development of secondary opportunist infections and cancers. Primary route of transmission is through bite wounds, but transplacental and nursing transfer are other routes of transmission. In this species, sexual contact is not considered an important transfer route. Species-specific strain; does not cause disease in humans. Other important viruses in the genus include agents of progressive pneumonia in sheep, infectious anemia in horses (EIA), and arthritis-encephalitis in goats. FIV used as a model for human AIDS (HIV) research. Clinical signs variable and often relate to secondary invaders; fever, anorexia, gingivitis, stomatitis, poor haircoat, diarrhea, anemia, lymphopenia (CD4+:CD8+ ratio used as a prognostic parameter); bladder and respiratory infections are common signs. May cause seizures, abortions, and many cats remain asymptomatic until late stage disease. Licensed vaccine available. Feline leukemia virus, another common slow virus disease of cats is also in the Retroviridae family.
Synonym(s): cat AIDS, feline AIDS
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical findings and survival in cats naturally infected with feline immunodeficiency virus. J.
Slater, "Prevalence of feline leukemia virus infection and serum antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus in unowned free-roaming cats," Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol.
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and concurrent Bartonella spp., feline immunodeficiency virus, and feline leukemia virus infections in cats from Grenada, West Indies.
The check-up and X-rays soon revealed that she had been physically mistreated, but she has been tested negative for viruses, such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline leukemia virus (FELV) and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)and giardia parasites.
Unfortunately, his time on the streets left him positive for FIV (the feline immunodeficiency virus), but with a few precautions, it is likely that he will lead a normal life.
Results of feline immunodeficiency virus (antibody) and feline leukopenia virus (antigen) testing (Idexx SNAP FIV/FeLV Combo Test; Idexx Laboratories) were also negative, ruling out the potential that viral-induced immunosuppression was a concurrent factor.
Studies suggest most cats survive with FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) for at least seven years post infection.
For instance, scientists are applying findings of studies of feline immunodeficiency virus in lions to learn about HIV, and study of a certain mutation in brown mice has promise in warding off leukemia in people.
FIV (feline immunodeficiency virus) was first recognised in the USA in 1986 but was found in blood samples as early as 1968.
Your veterinarian will do a full exam and can test for contagious diseases such as feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus. Upper respiratory infections are common in cats living in stressful situations and are highly contagious.
Summary: This cat was diagnosed with feline immunodeficiency virus
He has tested positive for the feline immunodeficiency virus, but it is likely that with a few precautions, he will lead a normal life.

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