fatty oil

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Related to fatty oil: fixed oil


1. an unctuous, combustible substance that is liquid, or easily liquefiable, on warming, and is not miscible with water, but is soluble in ether. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are classified as volatile or fixed. For specific oils, see under the name, as castor oil.
2. a fat that is liquid at room temperature.
essential oil volatile o.
expressed oil (fatty oil) (fixed oil) one that is not volatile, i.e., does not evaporate on warming; such oils consist of a mixture of fatty acids and their esters, and are classified as solid, semisolid, and liquid, or as drying, semidrying, and nondrying as a function of their tendency to solidify on exposure to air.
volatile oil an oil that evaporates readily; such oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

fat·ty oil

an oil derived from both animals and plants; chemically, a glyceride of a fatty acid that, by substitution of the glycerine by an alkaline base, is converted into a soap; a fatty oil, in contrast to a volatile oil, is permanent, leaving a stain on an absorbent surface, and thus is not capable of distillation; it is obtained by expression or extraction; the consistency varies with the temperature, some being liquid (o.'s proper), others semisolid (fats), and others solid (tallows) at ordinary temperatures; both liquid and semisolid oils are congealed by cold and the solids are liquified by heat.
Synonym(s): fixed oil
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

fat·ty oil

(fat'ē oyl)
An oil derived from both animals and plants; chemically, a glyceride of a fatty acid that is converted into a soap by substitution of the glycerine with an alkaline base; a fatty oil, in contrast to a volatile oil, is permanent and not capable of distillation.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Abbreviations: Suanzaoren fatty oil extract, SFO; Suanzaoren water extract, SWE; Danshen ether extract, DTT; Danshen total polyphenols, DTP.
The main compounds include saponins (for example, jujuboside A and jujuboside B), flavonoids (for example, swertisin and spinosin) and fatty oils (for example, oleic acid and linoleic acid) (Zhao et al.
If tea can get rid of fatty oils in a bowl, he reasoned, then might it not work the same way in the gastrointestinal tract, removing excess fat?
Tao speculates that there are some chemicals in tea such as tannins, which may combine with fatty oils to form some insoluble substance, which your body cannot absorb.
The product is based on a new conditioning system using polymeric compounds; it's water-soluble and free of the fatty oils and waxes found in many conditioners.
The NMFS, using its Utilization Laboratories at Charleston, S.C., Gloucester, Mass., and Seattle, Wash., will conduct research on methods of preparing omega-3 concentrates or highly purified fatty oils. Research is going on at Gloucester and Seattle to develop procedures for preparing small-scale amounts of such material.
A laser is used within the deep fats to break up the fat cells walls allowing the fatty oils to leak out, and disrupt the cells for subsequent removing.
With such modification, in the case of castor-oil plants, the idea is for fatty oils to get accumulated in the seed without affecting other parts of the plant, thus avoiding negative agronomic effects.
However, over the review period, the growing awareness of health effects of fatty oils and health concerns led to an increase in consumption of healthier cooking oils.