fats


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food group

Nutrition A family of foods in the diet. See Balanced diet, Essential dietary component, Food pyramid, Four food groups, Mineral, Vitamin.
Food groups
Carbohydrates Bread, cereal, rice, oats, pastas
Citrus fruits Grapefruits, lemons, melon, oranges, papaya, strawberries, tomatoes
Dairy products Cheese, milk, yoghurt
Fats Butter, margarine, fish or vegetable oil, animal fat
Green/yellow vegetables Brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, celery, green beans, kale, spinach
High protein foods Eggs, fish, legumes, meat, nuts, poultry
Other fruits & vegetables Apples, bananas, grapes, pineapples; beets, potatoes
Yellow vegetables Carrots, corn, cauliflower

fats

Also known as lipids, fats are stored as an oily liquid under the skin and in the abdomen in thin-walled cells. Fats form the body's main energy store and are converted into fuel as required. Fat stores also form an insulant against heat loss, a mechanical shock absorber and a contouring element. Body fats are triglycerides and consist of a ‘backbone’ of glycerol to which three fatty acids are attached. Fats differ by virtue of different fatty acids. These may be saturated or unsaturated. Most diets contain too high a proportion of fats and especially of SATURATED FATS. Saturated fats are found in butter, milk, and other dairy products. Unsaturated fats, such as are found in vegetable and fish oils, are believed to be less harmful to health.
References in classic literature ?
In return, Pig-Jaw gave them goat-meat to eat and goat-skins to wear, and sometimes they traded the goat-meat for fish and corn and fat roots.
But when the brothers of Fountain Abbey saw who it was that sang, and how he was clad in the robes of a Gray Friar, they stopped suddenly, the fat little Brother drawing his heavy eyebrows together in a mighty frown, and the thin Brother twisting up his face as though he had sour beer in his mouth.
Hearing this, the fat man sat up a little stiffer than before, as if he had received a compliment, and still came the sounds:
The kind Mouse agreed, but the Cat slunk under the town wall to the church, and ate up half of the pot of fat.
Tibo caught repeated references to fat goats, sleeping mats, and pieces of copper wire.
But I'll be bound the fat man won't part with an ounce of his flesh, not to say eleven stone.
I ought to have something into the bargain,' said the countryman; 'give a fat goose for a pig, indeed
Winkle mounted to the box, the fat boy waddled to the same perch, and fell fast asleep instantly.
Down below there was a noise of cracking nuts and nibbling; and then the fat squirrel voice and the thin squirrel voice sang--
You ought to be dead; positively dead with the fright,' said the fat gentleman.
He ran into the storeroom and brought out a gaudily painted harmonica, sat down on a bench, and spreading his fat legs apart began to play like a whole band.
Keep her for yourself," I said to the steward, "and if you have a fat calf, bring that in her stead.