The researchers also found that the risk of cardiovascular diseases increased with the genetic variants predicting increases in fat mass
. The greatest increased risk was also for aortic valve stenosis (46 per cent increased risk), followed by ischaemic stroke, transient ischaemic attack, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, deep vein thrombosis, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease.
(https://www.marketwatch.com/story/this-is-the-most-deadly-time-in-life-to-put-on-weight-2019-06-03) The study concluded that 25 percent of patients who had the highest fat mass
were 4.1 times more likely to die compared to the 25 percent who had the lowest body fat mass
Muscle mass was higher in the group with EE when compared with that without EE (48.8[+ or -]8.7 vs 44.6[+ or -]9.0, respectively, p<0.001), and so was fat mass
(19.3[+ or -]5.8 vs 17.7[+ or -]6.1, respectively, (p<0.001).
Body weight (kg), fat mass
(kg), and lean mass (kg) were measured.
(skinfolds method) skinfolds method and free fat mass
(skinfolds method) were moderate correlated with fat mass
(near-infrared method), respectively free fat mass
(near-infrared method) for women (r = 0.41, respectively r= 0.41) and correlated for men (r = 0.60, respectively r = 0.60).
Significant changes were found in the intervention group after 12 weeks in terms of BMI, body fat %, fat mass
, fat-free mass and muscle mass.
With these results, the study intervention time was probably not sufficient for the magnitude of the response on free fat mass
and muscle mass to be evidenced among the training models.
It's particularly more effective in total fat mass
losses compared to high intermittent swimming training.
= The proportion of your total bodyweight that is fat.
Abbreviations BIA: Bioelectrical impedance analysis BMI: Body mass index BW: Body weight CKD: Chronic kidney disease DXA: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ECF: Extracellular fluid FFM: Fat-free mass FFMI: Fat-free mass index FMI: Fat mass
index FM: Fat mass
ICF: Intracellular fluid IQR: Interquartile range kg: Kilogram m: Meter MIS: Malnutrition-Inflammation Score nPCR: Normalized protein catabolic rate SD: Standard deviation TBW: Total body water TIBC: Total iron-binding capacity.
In order to investigate the physiological responses to fasting and refeeding in Apodemus chevrieri, body mass and body fat mass
, resting metabolic rate (RMR), organs morphology, serum leptin levels and food intake were measured in the present study.
Although the researchers found no association between maternal urinary BPA during pregnancy and their offspring's birth weight or body mass index at ages five and seven, they did observe an association to adiposity measures: percentage of body fat, fat mass
index (fat mass/height), and waist circumference.