fat distribution

fat distribution

The location of fat on the body. There are two patterns of body fat distribution, as measured by the ratio of the corporal diameter at the hips and waist, waist:hip ratio (normal: 0.7–0.8); these patterns differ significantly in co-morbidity of obesity. 

Fat distribution, female/male
• Gynecoid pattern (Female pattern)—Fat is deposited in the lower body (abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs) by mesenchymal differentiation or hyperplasia. 
• Android pattern (Male pattern)—Fat is deposited in the upper body, especially around the abdomen. Adipocytes are more sensitive to insulin and catecholamines; fat accumulates by hypertrophy, possibly a function of membrane receptor density. The android pattern has greater lipolytic and lipogenic potential, and thus carries a greater risk for hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperinsulinaemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
These results are especially relevant for postmenopausal women because menopause causes a change in body fat distribution, especially in the abdominal area.
Guy Mintz, said, "This study serves as a wake-up call to physicians to not be satisfied with just a BMI, but to look at fat distribution and waist circumference." In doing so, doctors can spot "a group of patients that might be otherwise overlooked," he noted.
They said fat distribution was also influenced by genes, adding: "Thus body weight, fat distribution, and risk of complications are strongly influenced by biology - it is not an individual's fault if they develop obesity."
"These findings highlight the importance of fat distribution beyond overall fat mass in the development of CVD," the authors write.
The researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev measured the impact that these things had with magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI scans in order to map body fat distribution. The study was published in the (https://www.timesofisrael.com/israeli-led-research-team-says-curbing-liver-fat-key-to-reducing-obesity-risks/) Journal of Hepatology.
In addition, testosterone helps regulate muscle size and strength, red blood cell production, bone mass and fat distribution.
Liposuction can improve the patient's appearance by providing a more natural looking body fat distribution.
Hence, we planned to evaluate the association of body fat distribution (WHR) with lipid profile in healthy men of Amritsar.
Waist circumference measurement is not recommended for use in children to determine fat distribution.
Body fat distribution is often dichotomized into apple shape or pear shape.
The findings suggest that remodelling of the extracellular matrix is one of the mechanisms that generates differences in body fat distribution, the researchers said.