fascia graft


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graft

 [graft]
1. any tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation.
2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.
allogeneic graft allograft.
autodermic graft (autoepidermic graft) a skin graft taken from the patient's own body.
autologous graft (autoplastic graft) a graft taken from another area of the patient's own body; called also autograft.
avascular graft a graft of tissue in which not even transient vascularization is achieved.
bone graft bone transplanted from one site to another.
bypass graft an autograft consisting of a segment of vein or artery grafted into place in a bypass.
cable graft a nerve graft made up of several sections of nerve in the manner of a cable.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) see under bypass.
cutis graft dermal graft.
delayed graft a skin graft that is sutured back into its bed and subsequently used after several days.
dermal graft (dermic graft) a skin graft of dermis, used instead of fascia in various plastic procedures.
epidermic graft a skin graft in which a piece of epidermis is implanted on a raw surface.
fascia graft a graft of fibrous tissue, usually taken from the external investing fascia of the lower limb (fascia lata).
fascicular graft a nerve graft in which bundles of nerve fibers are approximated and sutured separately.
filler graft one used for the filling of defects, as the filling of depressions with fatty tissue or of a bony cyst cavity with bone chips or dried cartilage.
free graft a graft of tissue completely freed from its bed, in contrast to a flap.
full-thickness graft a skin graft consisting of the full thickness of the skin, with little or none of the subcutaneous tissue.
heterodermic graft a skin graft taken from a donor of another species.
heterologous graft (heteroplastic graft) xenograft.
homologous graft a graft of tissue obtained from the body of another animal of the same species but with a genotype differing from that of the recipient; called also allograft and homograft.
inlay graft a skin graft or mucosal graft applied by spreading the graft over a stent and suturing the graft and mold into a prepared pocket.
isogeneic graft (isologous graft) (isoplastic graft) syngraft.
lamellar graft replacement of the superficial layers of an opaque cornea by a thin layer of clear cornea from a donor eye.
mesh graft a type of split-thickness graft in which many tiny splits have been made in the skin to allow it to be stretched to cover a larger area.
Mesh skin graft applied to the leg. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
Ollier-Thiersch graft a very thin skin graft in which long, broad strips of skin, consisting of the epidermis, rete, and part of the corium, are used.
omental graft a segment of omentum and its supplying vasculature, transplanted as a free flap to another area and revascularized by anastomosis of arteries and veins.
pedicle graft pedicle flap.
penetrating graft a full-thickness corneal transplant.
periosteal graft a piece of periosteum to cover a denuded bone.
Phemister graft a bone graft of cortical bone with cancellous bone chips to enhance callus formation.
pinch graft a small piece of skin graft, partial or full thickness, obtained by elevating the skin with a needle and slicing it off with a knife.
porcine graft a split-thickness graft of skin from a pig, applied to a denuded area on a human as a temporary dressing for treatment of a severe burn.
sieve graft a skin graft from which tiny circular islands of skin are removed so that a larger denuded area can be covered, the sievelike portion being placed over one area, and the individual islands over surrounding or other denuded areas.
skin graft a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of skin; see also skin grafting.
split-skin graft (split-thickness graft) a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and a portion of dermis.
Diagram of a cross-section of the skin, demonstrating split thickness and full thickness skin grafts. From Roberts and Hedges, 1991.
syngeneic graft syngraft.
thick-split graft a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and about two thirds of the dermis.
Thiersch graft Ollier-Thiersch graft.

fas·ci·a graft

(fash'ē-ă graft)
A graft of fibrous tissue, usually the fascia lata.

fascia graft

A graft using fascia, usually removed from the fascia lata, for repairing defects in other tissues.
See also: graft
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of tragal perichondrium and temporal fascia grafts in tympanoplasties.
With this procedure, 80% of the failing Tympanoplasties could be salvaged increasing success rate from 77% to 95% thus increasing reliability of Temporalis Fascia Graft which was being replaced increasingly by cartilage graft for risk of Failures by Otologists these days.
In the present study, graft survival rates were 92% in Group A (Cartilage graft) and 96% in Group B (Temporalis fascia graft).
Hearing results with fat grafts were similar to those with fascia grafts, and there was no statistical difference between these groups.
Although there has been concern that cartilage tympanoplasty does not result in satisfactory hearing outcomes, our study shows that in type I tympanoplasty, the hearing improvement obtained with a modified microsliced cartilage perichondrium graft is on a par with that of conventional temporalis fascia graft, if not better.
The postauricular fascia graft is particularly useful for radix augmentation, but it may also be used to camouflage irregularities on the dorsum and nasal sidewalls.
At this point, the tympanoplasty was completed with a temporalis fascia graft. A Gelfilm disc was used to cover the denuded promontory.
The temporalis fascia graft was placed by underlay technique and it was stabilised with gel foam in the middle ear and external auditory canal.
The Air-bone gap closure is greatest for temporalis fascia graft than dura or autograft incus.
The tumor involved the middle fossa and posterior fossa dura, requiring dural resection and grafting with a rectus abdominus fascia graft. An abdominal fat graft was used to obturate the dural defect.
Temporalis fascia graft was used in all the cases for myringoplasty and in all the cases underlay technique was followed.
* Middle ear packing is often used to support the fascia graft, and it sometimes contributes to hearing loss during the immediate postoperative period.