false memory


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false memory

n.
An imagined event that is believed to be recalled as a memory.

false memory

Psychology
A set of suggestions and cues that cause a person to believe an event occurred which in fact did not; the mechanism by which this occurs is known as “source amnesia”.

false memory

Recovered memory, repressed memory Psychiatry A series of suggestions and cues that cause a person to believe an event occurred, which in fact did not Mechanism of FM Source amnesia. See Memory, Source amnesia.

false memory

An inaccurate or incomplete remembrance of a past event. Memory accuracy, validity, and reliability are affected by the following factors: age; serious illness, injury, or psychological trauma; prolonged medication therapy or use of a substance of abuse; mental retardation; mental illness; anxiety; preoccupation; fatigue; guilt and fear of penalty; coercion; or incentive to testify falsely. These factors must be considered in the evaluation of the reliability of patient-reported memories.
See also: memory
References in periodicals archive ?
Ramirez and colleague Xu Liu, PhD, made international news several years ago when they essentially planted a false memory in the brain of a mouse.
Self-referencing and false memory in Mild Cognitive Impairment due to Alzheimer's disease.
Supposing Skinner's account has credence, it appears that one environmental source of DRM-like false memory phenomena involves a history of contiguous usage with study words.
When a person could remind some events which would not be occurred in real, here false memory is working.
Low levels of false memory in free-recall studies prevented a thorough assessment of this issue (Buchanan et al., 2006; Talmi & Moscovitch, 2004).
False memory, as Brainerd and Reyna explain it, is not merely memory fallibility or forgetting: It refers to circumstances where one is possessed of positive, definite memories of an event that did not happen, or happened at least, differently than that reflected by memory.
Thinking of critical words during study is unnecessary for false memory in the Deese, Roediger, and McDermott procedure.
Stereotypes Drive Recall Errors and False Memory Generation C.
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF) was founded in 1992 by Pamela and Peter Freyd, after Peter was accused of sexually molesting their daughter Jennifer, a professor of psychology.
Thus, prior individual testing might contribute to false memory. Although some experiments on collaborative memory research have included prior individual testing and some have not, none that have measured false memory used prior individual tests.
Over 90 percent of them remembered a word that was not given to them, thus creating a false memory.
Brainerd, the author of The Science of False Memory, says, "Law is about what people say and report, and what they say is what they remember.