(2012) observed a higher faecal concentration of propionate in cats fed with a diet supplemented with wheat bran (140.53mmol kg-1 DM) compared to animals fed with the control diet (without fibre supplementation) (72.93mmol/kg DM), confirming that this ingredient undergoes a certain degree of fermentation.
(2012), faecal concentrations of propionate were higher in cats fed with diets supplemented with WB than in cats fed with diets supplemented with sugarcane fibre, which is primarily a source of insoluble fibre as well as the CGF.
In our study, faecal concentration of Lactobacillus was lower (p<0.05) in EG compared with CG and no differences (p>0.05) in faecal concentrations of Bifidobacterium, C.
In some studies with calves, supplementation with MOS has been shown to increase average daily weight gain (ADG) and feed efficiency (ADG/ADFI [average daily feed intake]) (Ghosh and Mehla, 2012; Heinrichs et al., 2013), to improve faecal score (Heinrichs et al., 2003; Morrison et al., 2010), and to decrease faecal concentrations of bacterial populations such as total coliform and Escherichia coli (Jacques and Newman, 1994; Ghosh and Mehla, 2012).
A higher dose than 7 g/d of MOS supplement may be necessary to decrease faecal concentrations of pathogenic bacteria and the occurrence of diarrhoea under the circumstances where the incidence of diarrhoea is high as observed in our study.
In animals, scFOS have been shown to reduce the faecal concentration of polyamines (such as putrescine).
In humans, scFOS were shown to increase faecal concentrations of primary bile acids while decreasing the concentration of secondary bile acids (Figure 3).
Morato,R.G., M.G.Bueno, P.Malmheister, I.T.N.VerreschiandR.C.Barnabe(2004).Changes in the faecal concentrations
of cortisol and androgen metabolites in captive male jaguars (Pantheraonca) in response to stress.
The Bama and Meishan pigs harboured significantly higher faecal concentrations
of Firmicutes than the Erhualian and Duroc sows.