The CTA algorithm formulation with the presence of the channel fading
and noise is then given as:
Alouini, Digital Communication over Fading
Intensive simulations show that fading
degrades the average sensing accuracy for an optimally adjusted carrier sensing threshold.
where m is the Nakagami fading
parameter, which measures the amount of fading
, [bar.[gamma]] is the average received SNR, and [GAMMA](.) is the gamma function.
The variation of combined cdf and pdf against the instantaneous SNR are shown in Figures 1-4 (four combinations of fading
) taking average SNR (absolute) of the 1st hop and the 2nd hop as a parameter.
In  performance analysis of cognitive amplify-and-forward relaying with best relay selection strategy is considered when non-identical Rayleigh fading
channel is assumed.
Parameter [mu]>0 is defined as [mu] = [E.sup.2][[r.sup.2]] / 2V[[r.sup.2]] (1 + [(H /h).sup.2]) where E[.] and V[.] denote the operators of mathematical expectation and variance, and r is the fading
Touch up azaleas that have fading
flowers, but never cut hard at this time of year.
We consider signal transmission over slow, flat-frequency Weibull fading
director of creative development for packaging, "Imagine a bottle that is bright red at the bottom, fading
to pure white by the time you reach the top.
When I first started playing golf, fading
and drawing the ball seemed to involve all sorts of complicated advice like swinging out-to-in or breaking your wrists much more than normal.
Of The Scars by Orrin Michael Carpenter is an novel influenced by the real-life occurrences which saved the author from the clutches of the notorious serial killer John Wayne Gacy.