facultative parasite

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


1. a plant or animal that lives upon or within another living organism at whose expense it obtains some advantage; see also symbiosis. Parasites include multicelled and single-celled animals, fungi, and bacteria, and some authorities also include viruses.Those that feed upon human hosts can cause diseases ranging from the mildly annoying to the severe or even fatal. (See accompanying table.)
Types of parasites.
adj., adj parasit´ic.
accidental parasite one that parasitizes an organism other than the usual host.
facultative parasite one that may be parasitic upon another organism but can exist independently.
incidental parasite accidental parasite.
malarial parasite Plasmodium.
obligate parasite (obligatory parasite) one that is entirely dependent upon a host for its survival.
periodic parasite one that parasitizes a host for short periods.
temporary parasite one that lives free of its host during part of its life cycle.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

fac·ul·ta·tive par·a·site

an organism that may either lead an independent existence or live as a parasite, in contrast to obligate parasite.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

fac·ul·ta·tive par·a·site

(fak'ŭl-tā'tiv par'ă-sīt)
An organism that may either lead an independent existence or live as a parasite, in contrast to an obligate parasite.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Fungi can be broken down into four main categories: obligate saprophytes, obligate parasites, facultative saprophytes, and facultative parasites. Some common fungal diseases that attack horticultural crops include Dutch elm disease, Fusarium wilt, damping-off, downy mildew, rust, powdery mildew, and late blight.
* Facultative parasites. Normally live as saprophytes but can live as parasites under the proper conditions.
Marvier, personal observation), and even among clearly facultative parasites, unattached plants are rarely found beyond the seedling stage in nature (Seel et al.

Full browser ?