factitious disorder

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artificial; not natural.
factitious disorder a mental disorder characterized by repeated, knowing simulation of physical or psychological symptoms for no apparent purpose other than obtaining treatment. Unlike malingering there is no recognizable motive for feigning illness. It is subtyped on the basis of whether the predominant signs and symptoms are physical (munchausen syndrome), psychological, or both. See also ganser syndrome.
factitious disorder by proxy a form of factitious disorder in which one person (usually a mother) intentionally fabricates or induces signs and symptoms of one or more physical (munchausen syndrome by proxy) or psychological disorders in another person under their care (usually a child) and subjects that person to needless and sometimes dangerous or disfiguring diagnostic procedures or treatment, without any external incentives for the behavior existing.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

a mental disorder in which the patient intentionally produces symptoms of illness or feigns illness for psychological reasons rather than for environmental goals.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The repeated simulation of severe organic disease, leading to numerous medical and/or surgical consultations, hospitalisations and unnecessary operations. This pseudodisease affects individuals who create bizarre lesions or fabricate symptoms to enjoy the perceived benefits of hospitalisation, as well as the attention and sympathy of others
Statistics Male:female ratio, 1:2; 74% develop the condition by age 24; the average patient is diagnosed by age 32.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Factitious disorder

A disorder in which the physical or psychological symptoms are under voluntary control.
Mentioned in: Munchausen Syndrome
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Depressive symptoms in pathomimia: comorbidity or psychiatric factitious disorder? Encephale 2011; 37:133-137.
Although there are no medicines to treat factitious disorders, they may be used to treat any related condition such as depression, anxiety, or a personality disorder.
In this case, if the agency could say that the mother had created this illness in her daughter, then it would be correct to assert that the mother did indeed have factitious disorder by proxy.
A case of factitious disorder by proxy: The role of the health-care system.
These include symptoms caused by the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition, complex partial seizures, direct physiological effects of a substance, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder with rapid cycling, anxiety disorders, somatization disorders, personality disorders, malingering, and factitious disorder. Chefetz (2006) added addictions and eating disorders to this list.
Malingering is to be distinguished from Factitious Disorder, in which individuals feign medical or psychiatric conditions, not for external reasons, but solely to assume the patient role and receive care (APA; Mercer & Perdue, 1993).
The American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children suggested that the Munchausen by Proxy syndrome be conceptualized as two separate diagnostic entities: 1) a caregiver perpetrator component based upon a caregiver who abuses a child through illness falsification due to the psychiatric condition of factitious disorder by proxy; and 2) a child victim component, PCF, based upon the child who is the victim of maltreatment (Ayoub & Alexander, 1998).
A factitious disorder is characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced in order to assume the sick role.
KAMUELA, HAWAII -- It is worth considering a diagnosis of factitious disorder in a pregnant woman who presents three or more times for uterine contractions in the absence of cervical changes, especially if her complaints begin early in pregnancy Dr.