factitious disorder


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

factitious

 [fak-tish´us]
artificial; not natural.
factitious disorder a mental disorder characterized by repeated, knowing simulation of physical or psychological symptoms for no apparent purpose other than obtaining treatment. Unlike malingering there is no recognizable motive for feigning illness. It is subtyped on the basis of whether the predominant signs and symptoms are physical (munchausen syndrome), psychological, or both. See also ganser syndrome.
factitious disorder by proxy a form of factitious disorder in which one person (usually a mother) intentionally fabricates or induces signs and symptoms of one or more physical (munchausen syndrome by proxy) or psychological disorders in another person under their care (usually a child) and subjects that person to needless and sometimes dangerous or disfiguring diagnostic procedures or treatment, without any external incentives for the behavior existing.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

a mental disorder in which the patient intentionally produces symptoms of illness or feigns illness for psychological reasons rather than for environmental goals.
The repeated simulation of severe organic disease, leading to numerous medical and/or surgical consultations, hospitalisations and unnecessary operations. This pseudodisease affects individuals who create bizarre lesions or fabricate symptoms to enjoy the perceived benefits of hospitalisation, as well as the attention and sympathy of others
Statistics Male:female ratio, 1:2; 74% develop the condition by age 24; the average patient is diagnosed by age 32.

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.

Factitious disorder

A disorder in which the physical or psychological symptoms are under voluntary control.
Mentioned in: Munchausen Syndrome

fac·ti·tious dis·or·der

(fak-tish'ŭs dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental condition in which the patient intentionally induces symptoms of illness for psychological reasons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Depressive symptoms in pathomimia: comorbidity or psychiatric factitious disorder? Encephale 2011; 37:133-137.
Although there are no medicines to treat factitious disorders, they may be used to treat any related condition such as depression, anxiety, or a personality disorder.
In this case, if the agency could say that the mother had created this illness in her daughter, then it would be correct to assert that the mother did indeed have factitious disorder by proxy.
A case of factitious disorder by proxy: The role of the health-care system.
These include symptoms caused by the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition, complex partial seizures, direct physiological effects of a substance, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder with rapid cycling, anxiety disorders, somatization disorders, personality disorders, malingering, and factitious disorder. Chefetz (2006) added addictions and eating disorders to this list.
FACTITIOUS DISORDERS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS THAT ARE INTENTIONALLY PRODUCED OR FEIGNED IN ORDER FOR SOME TO "ASSUME THE SICK ROLE." Munchausen's Syndrome is the most severe form of factitious disorder.
Malingering is to be distinguished from Factitious Disorder, in which individuals feign medical or psychiatric conditions, not for external reasons, but solely to assume the patient role and receive care (APA; Mercer & Perdue, 1993).
The American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children suggested that the Munchausen by Proxy syndrome be conceptualized as two separate diagnostic entities: 1) a caregiver perpetrator component based upon a caregiver who abuses a child through illness falsification due to the psychiatric condition of factitious disorder by proxy; and 2) a child victim component, PCF, based upon the child who is the victim of maltreatment (Ayoub & Alexander, 1998).
A factitious disorder is characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced in order to assume the sick role.
KAMUELA, HAWAII -- It is worth considering a diagnosis of factitious disorder in a pregnant woman who presents three or more times for uterine contractions in the absence of cervical changes, especially if her complaints begin early in pregnancy Dr.