Surgical Approaches to the Facial Skeleton
, 3rd Edition (online access included)
During surgery, if you are wearing these glasses, you can see the internal anatomy of the patient it's like looking through the skin of the face, you can see the facial skeleton
, the muscles, the nerves, the vessels and so on," Ismayil Ferzeliyev, doctor, Azerbaijan Medical University told Euronews.
Maxillofacial injuries ranges from isolated injuries involving only one or two components of the facial skeleton
to complex facial injuries of the entire facial skeleton
Variation in the cranial base orientation and facial skeleton
in dry skulls sampled from three major populations.
8 One of the most important cephalometric parameter giving an indication about the vertical growth pattern and symmetry of facial skeleton
is gonial angle.
Mandible, being the only mobile bone of facial skeleton
plays a major role in mastication, speech and deglutition.
Because of continued growth of the facial skeleton
, some children may need additional craniofacial surgery years after the face transplant.
Owing to the excellent blood supply in the facial skeleton
, healing occurs rapidly through brisk proliferation of the cellular layer of the periosteum.
The earliest blueprint of the facial skeleton
is set up by spatially intersecting signals that control when stem cells turn into cartilage or bone.
All subcutaneous structures were intact: an X-ray of the facial mass showed that the two halves of the facial skeleton
were symmetrical and regularly developed.
The surgeons recreated a 3D virtual model of the young man's facial skeleton
to be used as operative guide before, during and after surgery, thus allowing doctors to reconstruct and navigate smoothly and carefully.
Development and evaluation of a semi-automatic technique for determining the bilateral symmetry plane of the facial skeleton