facial nerve

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facial

 [fa´shal]
pertaining to or directed toward the face.
facial nerve the seventh cranial nerve; its motor fibers supply the muscles of facial expression, a complex group of cutaneous muscles that move the eyebrows, skin of the forehead, corners of the mouth, and other parts of the face concerned with frowning, smiling, or any of the many other expressions of emotion. The sensory fibers of the facial nerve provide a sense of taste in the anterior two thirds of the tongue, and also supply the submaxillary, sublingual, and lacrimal glands for secretion. Irritation of the facial nerve can produce a paralysis known as bell's palsy, which usually involves only one side of the face with a resulting distortion of facial expression such as inability to close the eye or part of the mouth on the affected side. See anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices.

facial nerve

n.
Either of the seventh pair of cranial nerves that control facial muscles and relay sensation from the taste buds of the front part of the tongue.
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SUPERFICIAL BRANCHES OF FACIAL NERVE (7TH CRANIAL))

facial nerve

A mixed nerve consisting of efferent fibers supplying the facial muscles, the platysma muscle, the submandibular and sublingual glands; and of afferent fibers from taste buds of the anterior two thirds of the tongue and from the muscles.

Sensory

Taste fibers from the anterior two thirds of the tongue and the soft palate follow the chorda tympani to their neuronal cell bodies in the geniculate ganglion; the axons of these neurons follow the nervus intermedius (the sensory root of the facial nerve) into the pons where they synapse in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (the gustatory nucleus).

Motor

Somatic motor axons from the motor nucleus of the facial nerve in the pons emerge as the motor root of the facial nerve and enter the bone of the skull through the internal auditory meatus. The motor axons follow the facial canal inside the temporal bone and exit the skull through the stylomastoid foramen. From there, the axons innervate all the muscles of facial expression. Preganglionic parasympathetic axons from the superior salivatory nucleus take the nervus intermedius to the region of the geniculate ganglion inside the facial canal. From there, some of the axons join the chorda tympani and later reach the submandibular ganglion by following the lingual nerve. Other preganglionic parasympathetic axons follow the major superficial petrosal nerve and the vidian nerve to reach the pterygopalatine ganglion.

Synonym: seventh cranial nerve See: illustration; cranial nerve
See also: nerve

facial nerve

One of the 7th of the 12 pairs of CRANIAL NERVES. Each facial nerve supplies the muscles of the face on its own side. Loss of function in a facial nerve causes partial or total paralysis of one side of the face. This is called BELL'S PALSY.

facial nerve

the 7th cranial nerve, a dorsal root that in mammals is mainly motor in function, supplying facial muscles, the salivary glands and the front-of-tongue taste buds.
References in periodicals archive ?
MVD exerts therapeutic effects by pushing offending vessels away from facial nerve roots with a cotton piece.
The parotid gland is divided into a superficial lobe (80% of the gland) and a deep lobe (20% of the gland) by the facial nerve, so complete anatomical separation does not exist.
The experiments were performed only on the left facial nerve of the animals; electromyography (EMG) recordings were obtained.
DISCUSSION: Anatomically, the parotid gland is a single unit; however, the need for surgical division arose taking into account the importance of preservation of facial nerve, frequent recurrence of benign tumours following parotidectomy and increased postoperative complications.
Silver/ silver chloride transcutaneous recording electrodes were positioned with the cathode over the depressor labii maxillaris which are uniquely innervated by the buccal branch of the facial nerve. The anode was placed nearby over the tendon of the same muscle.
" In the beginning the stimulation to the face is given by the machine so that it doesn't sag but the patient has to be very proactive and do the exercises at home till the time the facial nerves work finely," says Dr Renu.
Pathology of intratemporal tumors involving the facial nerve. In: Fisch U, ed.
Distal branches of the facial nerve are identified and tagged adjacent to the periorbital musculature.
There was no statistically significant difference in the sizes of the cochlear and facial nerves when results were analyzed separately for male and female.
His facial nerve function had returned to its preoperative state (grade II), and his left vocal fold paresis had completely resolved.
This approach is unequaled with respect to the exposure it provides to the perigenicular area of the facial nerve, but it has also been associated with serious complications.
(6) The second, reported in 1995, involved the facial nerve. (11) Additional cases involving the facial, (13) cochlear, (13,16) and optic (14) nerves were subsequently reported.