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Face validity. Retrieved from
Table 3: Face validity. Expert group n = 16 Global assessment 3.4 [+ or -] 1.1 Appearance of anatomical structures 3.5 [+ or -] 1.0 Appearance of anatomical rapports 4.3 [+ or -] 0.6 Appearance of drill 3.6 [+ or -] 0.7 Controlling of drill 3.1 [+ or -] 1.1 Haptic feedback 3.1 [+ or -] 1.0 Performance of drill 3.9 [+ or -] 0.7 Ergonomics 2.5 [+ or -] 1.2 Data is presented mean [+ or -] standard deviation.
Face validity is described as the applicability or the relevance of the test to the population.
We also obtained face validity of the pre/post-test from five independent science educators who checked the clarity and validity of each item as it relates to the intended cognitive order "Remember"" of Revised Bloom's taxonomy (Anderson et al., 2001).
Quantitative face validity results (impact score) showed that all 12 items (100%) impact scores over 1.5.
For instance, the TOGSS (Brown et al., 2009) appears to have face validity for grocery shopping because the test occurs in a grocery store.
The team leaders who volunteered to conduct the survey were trained in its administration and asked to record any feedback relevant to the face validity and acceptability of questions and response options.
While the PRWE was originally developed for wrist disorders, MacDermid and Tottenham (2004) argue that from a functional perspective the wrist and hand are interrelated, and therefore, there is good face validity for its application in a population with hand injuries by changing the word "wrist" to "wrist/ hand" and the name of the scale from PRWE to PRWHE.
The validation process ensures that the operational input results in a realistic and reasonable operational output that passes a "face validity" test.
The next step was the assessment of face validity. Having made grammatical and appearance adjustments and reviewed the overall structure of the questionnaire, it was distributed among 20 patients in the CCUs to assess the simplicity and intelligibility of the items.